The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in the Russian state of the 16th and 17th centuries, the enlisting of deti boiarskie (second-rank nobility), of members of the dvorianstvo (nobility or gentry), and of police-cossacks into military service with the simultaneous granting of land (pomest’e) and money salaries.

In the 16th and first half of the 17th centuries, the service of “newcomers” (of the dvorianstvo and deti boiarskie) began at the age of 15; from the middle of the 17th century, it began at the age of 18. At the same time as the enlistment, the older service people had their military skills examined, and those found deficient were registered.


Chernov, A. V. Vooruzhenye sily Russkogo gosudarstva v XV-XVII vv. Moscow, 1954.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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