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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(from verv’, meaning verevka, rope; hence, a plot of land measured with a rope), ancient communal organization in Rus’ and among the Croatians. It is mentioned in Russian Law (the legislative monument of Kievan Rus’) and in the Poljica Statute (legislative monument of Poljica [Poglizza], a small area on the Dalmation coast in Croatia). Originally the verv’ was a consanguineous organization. However, under the subsequent influence of different social and economic conditions, the verv’ took a different evolution among the Russians and among the southwestern Slavs. Russian Law describes the verv’ as a rural commune free of any consanguineous ties. In the verv’ of the Poljica Statute consanguineous ties also became weaker; nevertheless, some elements of such ties were retained. The social system reflected in Russian Law is more developed than the Poljican social relations expressed in the Poljica Statute, although Russian Law in some of its parts reflects the social relations of the eighth to the 12th centuries and the Poljica Statute, relations of the 15th to the 17th centuries.

In Russian Law the verv’ has no signs whatsoever of a kinship collective. It is a rural commune occupying a large territory, and the members of a verv’ are not called kin. Russian Law refers to the members as liudi (“folk,” freemen). They are bound by collective responsibility, are obliged to search for a thief in their territory (gnat’ sled: pursue the track), and are responsible for a murder committed in their territory if the murderer has not been found and the body of the murdered person is found on their territory. The verv’-commune also fulfilled other functions imposed on it by the authorities.

The Croatian verv’ still shows weak traits of consanguineous relations. The Poljica Statute does not have any specific social organization that it calls verv’. It is difficult to establish whether, according to the statute, the terms verv’ and “village” are synonymous or if the verv’ is a component part of the village. Both hypotheses are tenable. There is a vast literature about the verv’, but to this day this question cannot be considered definitively solved.


Tikhomirov, M. N. Issledovaniia o Russkoi Pravde. Moscow-Leningrad, 1941.
Iushkov, S. V. Obshchestvenno-politicheskii stroi i pravo Kievskovo gosudarstva. Moscow, 1949.
Grekov, B. D. Politsa. Moscow, 1951.
Grekov, B. D. “Bol’shaia sem’iai verv’ Russkoi pravdy i Politskogo statuta.” Izbr. trudy, vol. 2, Moscow, 1959 (Bibliography, pp. 564-75.)
Pravda russkaia, vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1947. Pages 261-74.
Barada, M. Starohrvatska seoska zajednica. [Zagreb, 1957.]


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Peter Davies, CEO and Founder of Verv, says: "With a real appetite for disruptive technology, innogy IME is driving smart living innovation in the UAE and it's an honour to be working with such a progressive company.
First, the term verv, as it is used in the Pravda Russkaia, clearly refers to a territorial or geographic unit, usually a community or a village.
tricarpa at 150, 300, and 400[degrees]C Organic matter Surface area (% w/w) [+ or -] ([m.sup.2]/g) [+ or -] Temperature 2[sigma] 2[sigma] 150[degrees]C oxidised 98 [+ or -] 42 0.91 [+ or -] 0.02 300[degrees]C oxidised 41 [+ or -] 2 0.87 [+ or -] 0.02 300[degrees]C reduced 78 [+ or -] 5 0.66 [+ or -] 0.02 400[degrees]C oxidised 0 [+ or -] 2 4.21 [+ or -] 10.05 400[degrees]C reduced 64 [+ or -] 14 1.47 [+ or -] 0.03 Total pore volume ([cm.sup.3]/g) Temperature 150[degrees]C oxidised Very low 300[degrees]C oxidised Very low 300[degrees]C reduced Very low 400[degrees]C oxidised Very low 400[degrees]C reduced Verv low Table 2.
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The weaning food had a 62.1% protein digestibility in vitro, a C-PER of 1.93, and was evaluated between "verv liked" and "extremely liked" in a hedonic test for overall acceptability.
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Cabe recordar el manual de mitologia, redactado por el muy joven Borges en la misma biblioteca, donde la escena de escritura comparte con la de "Asterion" un enfasis en el componente "material" de la redaccion: "I very neatly wrote these things into copybooks" (Borges "Autobiographical" 24); "I remember it was written in a very short and crabbed handwriting because I was verv shortsighted" (Burgin Conversations 20).
Changes in Real Exchange Rates and Terms of Trade in the Global Rebalancing Scenario under Alternative Calibrations (a) Log change x 100 Verv high elasticity Higher elasticity of of substitution substitution between between regions' traded and nontraded traded goods Real exchange rate goods ([theta] = 2, ([theta] = 1, or terms of trade [eta] = 2) [eta] = 100) Real exchange rate United States/Europe 19.3 16.5 United States/Asia 22.5 23.5 Europe/Asia 3.3 7.0 Terms of trade United States/Europe 14.6 0.0 United States/Asia 15.1 0.0 Europe/Asia 0.5 0.0 Source: Federal Reserve data.