Vespoidea


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Vespoidea

[ve′spȯid·ē·ə]
(invertebrate zoology)
A superfamily of wasps in the suborder Apocrita.
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Las hormigas pertenecen a la Familia Formicidae, dentro de la Superfamilia Vespoidea, grupo considerado monofiletico (Brothers y Carpenter, 1993), aunque es posible encontrar hormigas en practicamente cualquier habitat, y gracias a sus estrategias evolutivas lograron ocupar el perfil edafico (Wilson, 1971), no obstante, de manera secundaria, algunas especies ocupan formas de vida arborea, particularmente en troncos, ramas, o cavidades subcorticales (Holldobler y Wilson, 1990); se estima que su diversidad alcanza aproximadamente 12500 especies descritas a nivel mundial, representadas en 290 generos incluidos en 21 subfamilias (Bolton, 1995); sin embargo, podria oscilar en mas de 30000 debido a que aun faltan muchas especies por describir, especificamente en los tropicos (Ward, 2010).
Molecular phylogenetics of Vespoidea indicate paraphyly of the superfamily and novel relationships of its component families and subfamilies.
2 of Hymenoptera: Formicoidea, Vespoidea and Sphecoidea, Canberra, Australia, 1985.
Contribuicao ao estudo de vespideos do Brasil (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Vespoidea, Vespidae).
Classification of the fossorial, predaceous and parasitic wasps, or the superfamily Vespoidea. The Canadian Entomologist 34: 287-291.
El correspondiente al genero Vespa, superfamilia Vespoidea, constituye el especifico tipico pues es homonimo del taxon superordinado.
Apart from their traditional use for agriculture and in the urban environment, pesticides are used in terrestrial natural and semi-natural environments to control vertebrate pests such as the Australian brush-tail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula), insect pests such as wasps (Vespoidea germanica), and invasive exotic weeds such as gorse (Ulex europea) and old man's beard (Clematis vitalba).
The xylophilous bees and wasps of a high, cold desert: Leslie Gulch, Oregon (Hymenoptaera: Apoidea, Vespoidea).