neuritis

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Related to Vestibular neuritis: Meniere's disease

neuritis

(no͝orī`tĭs, nyo͝o–), inflammation of a peripheral nerve, often accompanied by degenerative changes in nervous tissue. The cause can be mechanical (injury, pressure), vascular (occlusion of a vessel or hemorrhage into nerve tissue), infectious (invasion by microorganisms), toxic (metallic or chemical poisoning, alcoholism), or metabolic (vitamin deficiencies, pernicious anemia). Symptoms of neuritis that arise from involvement of sensory nerves are tingling, burning, pin-and-needle sensations, or even loss of sensation. If motor nerves are involved, symptoms may range from a slight loss of muscle tone to paralysis. Since neuritis is regarded as a condition that results from a number of disorders, rather than a disease in itself, treatment is directed first at the underlying cause. See neuralgianeuralgia
, acute paroxysmal pain along a peripheral sensory nerve. Unlike neuritis, there is no inflammation or degeneration of nerve tissue. Neuralgia occurs commonly in the area of the facial, or trigeminal, nerve and brings attacks of excruciating pain at varying intervals.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Neuritis

 

an inflammatory disease of the peripheral nerves. The symptoms of neuritis include pain, paralysis, pareses, and the decrease or loss of nerve sensitivity. Neuritides can result from a wide variety of causes. For example, otitis in the middle ear, and such infectious agents as the virus of herpes zoster can be involved in the pathogenesis of neuritis of the facial nerve. Catarrhal factors and traumas can also play a part in the development of this type of neuritis.

Polyneuritis is a special form of neuritis in which many nerves are involved in the disease process. Some polyneuritides are caused by a neurotropic virus. The roots of the spinal nerve are usually affected (as in polyradiculoneuritis), and often the spinal column and even the brain are affected. The most common causes of polyneuritides are chronic exogenous intoxications, such as those caused by alcohol, botulism toxin, and lead, or endogenous, intoxications, for instance, those resulting from diabetes and uremia.

Patients with neuritis experience pain in the extremities, muscular weakness, disturbances of sensitivity, atrophies and pareses of muscles, changes in skin coloring, sweating, and chilliness. These changes appear predominantly in the regions of the hands and feet. Neuritis is treated by first curing the causative disease and then using antibiotics, analgesics, sedatives, and B vitamins. Physiotherapy is also indicated.

V. A. KARLOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

neuritis

[nu̇′rīd·əs]
(medicine)
Degenerative or inflammatory nerve lesions associated with pain, hypersensitivity, anesthesia or paresthesia, paralysis, muscular atrophy, and loss of reflexes in the innervated part of the body.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

neuritis

inflammation of a nerve or nerves, often accompanied by pain and loss of function in the affected part
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Bronstein, "Chronic symptoms after vestibular neuritis and the high-velocity vestibulo-ocular reflex," Otology and Neurotology, vol.
Vestibular neuritis has an incidence of approximately 3.5 cases per 100,000 people [8].
Differential diagnosis of vertigo Peripheral Central Common Common * BPPV * Phobic postural vertigo * Vestibular neuritis * Vestibular migraine * Meniere's disease * Pathological forms of nystagmus, e.g.
Methylprednisolone, starting at 100 mg/d and tapering to 10 mg over 3 weeks, is an effective treatment for vestibular neuritis. Valacyclovir (Valtrex) is not effective.
However, its etiology includes head and temporal bone traumas, stapedectomy, chronic otitis media surgery, vestibular neuritis, Meniere's disease, migraine, hypertension, long bed rest, upper respiratory tract infections, and long-distance airway or overland travels.
He was then diagnosed with a right-side vestibular neuritis. A vHIT showed decreased gains when the superior and horizontal semicircular canal receptors were tested on the right side (0.34 and 0.58, resp.) with several refixation saccades (Figure 1).
Vestibular neuritis presents with a subacute onset over hours of incapacitating vertigo, nausea and vomiting because of unilateral loss of vestibular function.
Examples of disorders underlying vertigo are vestibular neuritis, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, and migraine.
(19) Unfortunately, vestibular neuronitis is often confused with vestibular neuritis. In the latter, a patient experiences a single episode of intense vertigo that is related to a unilateral loss of vestibular function.
VEMP has been utilized for the diagnosis of various disorders such as, Meniere's disease [2, 3], Acoustic neuromas [4,5,6], Superior canal Dehiscence syndrome, [7], Vestibular neuritis [8],Vertigo[9],Noise induced hearing loss [10], Auditory neuropathy / audio vestibular neuropathy [11] and in other disorders such as cerebellopontine angle tumor [3], Multiple sclerosis.[2] .
You suspect she has a peripheral rather than a central lesion and could have vestibular neuritis. You consult an online reference, which suggests that no therapies have been proven to be effective for vestibular neuritis.
Do predictive mechanisms improve the angular vestibulo-ocular re.ex in vestibular neuritis. Audiology & Neurotology 2006; 11: 53-8.

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