Veterinary Hygiene

Hygiene, Veterinary

 

a branch of veterinary science concerned with the prevention of disease in animals and the protection of humans against diseases common to man and animals; it is also concerned with the preparation of animal products and high-quality feeds.

Measures to protect human health require veterinary supervision in the animal-slaughtering, canning, dairy, tanning, and other industries that process animal products; such supervision is also required at enterprises where products of animal origin are stored and sold. Measures to prevent disease in animals involve maintenance of a certain level of animal care, storage and treatment of feeds, collection and storage of manure, disinfection, collection of carcasses, and protection of soil and water against pollution. The industrial production of animal products and the specialization of agricultural production, which have resulted in the concentration of a large number of animals in limited areas, has made it necessary to organize extensive programs to protect animals against various diseases and to create conditions most likely to increase disease resistance.

It was not until L. Pasteur’s discoveries in the 19th century that veterinary hygiene had a scientific foundation. In 1887, V. E. Vorontsov, K. N. Vinogradov, and N. F. Kolesnikov formulated scientific procedures for the treatment of soil, manure, livestock buildings, hides, wool, and hairs infected by the causative agent of anthrax. Soviet scientists have introduced methods of detecting anthrax-infected hides, disinfecting raw material of animal origin, and conserving and maintaining the quality of hides. They have studied the use of coronal discharges to produce disinfectant aerosols, devised histochemical methods for elucidating the innermost processes of interaction between the microbial cell and chemical agent, synthesized new disinfectants, and studied and introduced into production methods of disinfecting livestock buildings, transport facilities, industrial areas, and plants engaged in processing food products and raw materials of animal origin.

Veterinary hygiene today is actively working toward the prevention of disease in large animal-raising complexes and toward ward the protection of such enterprises from harmful arthropods. Veterinary hygiene aims to improve the quality of animal products and raw materials of animal origin.

REFERENCE

Poliakov, A. A. Osnovy veterinarnoi sanitarii. Moscow, 1969.
References in periodicals archive ?
Also, one of the industry titan, BASF SE, is engaged in formulating a co-biocide using a blend of glyoxal and glutaraldehyde in disinfectants used in veterinary hygiene and the health industry.
In 1967-68, Houghall became the Durham Agriculture College, expanding the range of courses to include such things as Experimental Husbandry and Veterinary Hygiene.
Samples were taken to the Laboratory of Zoonosis and Public Health of the Federal University of Para for centrifugation, serum collection, and storage at -20[degrees]C until serological testing in the Zoonosis Diagnostic Service, Department of Veterinary Hygiene and Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Husbandry FMVZ, Paulista State University "Julio de Mesquita Filho" UNESP (Botucatu Campus).
Address for correspondence: Pavel Siroky, Department of Biology and Wildlife Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Palackeho tr.
From the Regional Reference Center of Urban Veterinary Hygiene (CRIUV), Napoli, Italy (De Luca Bossa, Caputo); the Interdepartmental Center of Veterinary Radiology, via della Veterinaria 1, 80137, Napoli, Italy (Mennonna, Meomartino); the Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Productions, Universita di Napoli Federico II, via della Veterinaria 1, 80137, Napoli, Italy (Paciello, De Biase, Fioretti, Dipineto); and the Wildlife Rescue and Rehabilitation Center "CRAS-Frullone," Via M.
- in the United Kingdom, for ammonia, used as a biocide in veterinary hygiene provided there are no other viable alternatives.
Forty common swifts (Apus apus), synanthropic birds living in an urban environment closely with humans and other animals, were hospitalized in the public veterinary hospital of the Regional Reference Center of Urban Veterinary Hygiene located in Naples, Campania Region, Italy.
Included in the category are disinfectants (for example, human and veterinary hygiene, drinking water), protection products (for wood, containers and industrial fluids), anti-parasitic products and other products used for food protection.

Full browser ?