Veterinary and Zooveterinary Institutions of Higher Education

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Veterinary and Zooveterinary Institutions of Higher Education


institutions that train veterinary physicians, including physician biophysicists and biochemists and scientist-zootechnicians. In the USSR in 1970 there were 14 veterinary and zoo veterinary institutions of higher education, including five veterinary institutes—in Vitebsk (founded in 1924), the N. E. Bauman Institute in Kazan (1873), in Leningrad (1919), in Omsk (1918), and in Troitsk (1929); two veterinary academies—in Lithuania (1936) and Moscow (1948, formed from the Moscow Veterinary Institute founded in 1919); and seven zoo veterinary institutes—Alma-Ata (1929), Georgia (1932, in Tbilisi), Yerevan (1928), L’vov (1939, formed from a veterinary academy founded in 1881), Saratov (1918), Semipalatinsk (1952), and Kharkov (1960, formed from a veterinary institute that existed in Kharkov since 1851 and a zootechnical institute founded in 1922).

Veterinary and zooveterinary institutes of higher education have day sessions and correspondence and graduate divisions. The Alma-Ata, Yerevan, Kazan, Leningrad, L’vov, and Omsk institutes and the Moscow Veterinary Academy are accredited to approve the presentation of dissertations for the doctor’s or candidate’s degree. Saratov Institute may accept dissertations for the candidate’s degree.

The training period for a specialty in veterinary medicine is five years; for zootechnology (including 11 specialties), four years and four months. In 1970 these specialties were taught in more than 50 agricultural institutions of higher education, in several universities (of the Kabarda-Balkar and Mordovian ASSRs and of Iakutsk); scientist-zootechnicians were trained by the Vologda Dairy Institute (founded in 1911).


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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