, Charushin was venerated for his revolutionary credentials.
peasants had clear notions of what they wanted, understood current situations at national and international levels, and strived to achieve, not always successfully, their goals.
The First World War brought Viatka
's peasants into contact with a wider world, both spatially and politically.
He concludes that peasants in Viatka
who petitioned Soviet authorities came to identify with the state.
The ideas raised in this first essay can be traced through the collection: the destructiveness of Don Juan foreshadows the character of Pechorin; the Verfremdungse effekt in the work of Gogol' takes up the sense of uncertainty and alienation felt by the superfluous men; the overwhelming failure of interpersonal relationships in Chekhov's stories echoes their inability to reach out to those around them, and as Seeley points out, whilst in Viatka
Herzen gives a convincing performance as a superfluous man in (in)action.
(25.) The Commissariat of Justice reported that in the second half of 192423% of the cases initiated by denunciations from selkory in Leningrad, 27% in Viatka
, 31% in Riazan, and 50% in Vologda had to be dropped due to lack of evidence.
Forced to reinvent himself once again in the 1920s, Charushin became a librarian and ethnographer (kraeved) in Viatka
. This was also the period in which he wrote his two-volume memoir, a major source for Saburova and Eklof.
In addition to re-examining well known materials located at the Russian State Archive of Ancient Acts (RGADA) and other established repositories of Old Belief writings, he effectively uses provincial diocesan archives -- notably those of Vologda, Riazan, Kholmogory, Novgorod, and Viatka
. He claims that this is being done "for the first time" and that it uniquely allows him to "resurrect the voices of the vast majority of Russian dissenters" (pp.
Households Belev 1718 4110 841 Borovsk 1719 2399 335 Maloiaroslavets 1715 976 156 Riazan' 1718 1589 220 Toropets 1710 3674 839 Tula 1715 5309 916 Tula 1720 3022 502 Uglich 1717 5089 877 Ustiuzhna 1713 2277 417 Viatka
1710 4368 724 Viatka
1717 2387 394 Zaraisk 1715 2980 498 TOTALS 38180 6719 SOURCE: Population inventories (see fn.
To name just a few, Musa Carullah Bigi was not from Penza (81) but from Rostov-on-Don; Huseyinov Madrasa was not in the village of Kargali (113, 116) but in the city of Orenburg; and Bubi Madrasa was not located in the village of Hunter, Malmyzh District, Viatka
Province (146) but in the village of Izh-Bubyi in Sarapul District of the same province.
Ivan was a horse dealer, buying horses in Viatka
and selling them around Baki.
The cities of Leningrad and Rostov-on-Don were also organized into sectors, and health clinics of neurology and psychiatry were set up in 11 other cities located in the European part of Russia: in addition to Leningrad and Rostov-on-Don, these included Viatka
, Voronezh, Ufa, Briansk, Orel, Penza, Tambov, Tver', and Nizhnii Novgorod.