Viatka Breed

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Viatka Breed

 

(sheep), a fine-fleece breed used for meat and wool. It was developed in Nolinsk Raion, Kirov Oblast, and in Gorodets Raion, Gorky Oblast, RSFSR (1936-56), through reproductive crossbreeding of local northern short-tailed sheep with Precoce and Soviet merino rams.

The Viatka breed sheep are big, with a heavy body build. The weight of the rams is 80-85 kg (in exceptional examples up to 140 kg) and of the ewes, 55-60 kg (in exceptional examples up to 80 kg). The weight of the lambs at weaning is 23-24 kg. The wool clip from the rams is 5.5-6 kg (sometimes up to 12 kg) and from the ewes, 3-3.5 kg. The wool is of the 60 to 64 quality grade and is 8-9 cm long. The net wool yield is 50-60 percent. The productivity is 135-145 lambs per 100 ewes. Breeding work aims at making the sheep mature earlier and increasing liveweight and wool clip. The sheep are bred in Kirov and Gorky oblasts.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.