Vicia

(redirected from Vicia sativa)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Vicia sativa: Vicia sepium, Vicia villosa, Vicia hirsuta
Enlarge picture
vetch

vetch

There are edible kinds like Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa), Bitter vetch (Vicia ervilia), and toxic kinds like Crown vetch (Securigera varia) which has flowers that look like clover that can slow the pulse and even cause death. Vetch leaves all have the trademark little thin leaves sticking out 90 degrees along both sides of the leaf stem. Know which kind you are dealing with. As for the edible kinds, you can eat the tiny little mustard-like seeds, they are full of powerful nutrition, despite their size. They can be chewed when fresh in summer. When they dry in the fall, they become really hard and need to be soaked first.

Vicia

 

a genus of annual, biennial, or perennial herbs of the family Leguminosae. The stems are usually weak and only rarely upright. The leaves as a rule are paripinnate and end in tendrils, with Which they cling to surrounding plants or another support. There are one or two to three flowers in the leaf axils, or the flowers may be gathered in clusters. There are more than 150 species, predominantly in the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere, especially in the Mediterranean countries; there are a few in South America and in the mountains of tropical East Africa. In the USSR there are more than 80 species, mainly in the Caucasus. Almost all Vicia are good nectar plants and valuable fodder grasses. The cultivated species are better known by the name vetch. The perennial unijugate vetch (V. unijuga) is grown as an ornamental. The genus Vicia sometimes includes the species V.faba, beans.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Frecuencia (A) y cobertura (B) de Vicia sativa con y sin agregado de P (P1 y P0 respectivamente).
Multivariate analysis of the Vicia sativa aggregate.
Karyotype variation and evolution in the Vicia sativa aggregate.
The Cytogenetic structure of Vicia sativa Agreagate.
Without scatification, it is difficult to germinate seeds of Vicia sativa from North Yorkshire populations.
In Vicia sativa, partial predation of some seeds has a decided phenological effect, resulting in premature germination and death of damaged seeds and decreased input into the seed bank as a result of predispersal seed predation.
Effects of artificial defoliation on reproductive allocation in the common vetch, Vicia sativa (Fabaceae: Papilionoideae).
To reduce this effect we chose Vicia sativa that belongs to the Leguminosae family and it is wide known that legume cover crops improve soil nutrient status through addition of organic nitrogen (Holderbaum et al.
In this case we can say that the use of cover during different seasons does not cause the gradually weed reduction observed with Vicia sativa cover.