Vicia

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Related to Vicia sativa: Vicia sepium, Vicia villosa, Vicia hirsuta
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vetch

vetch

There are edible kinds like Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa), Bitter vetch (Vicia ervilia), and toxic kinds like Crown vetch (Securigera varia) which has flowers that look like clover that can slow the pulse and even cause death. Vetch leaves all have the trademark little thin leaves sticking out 90 degrees along both sides of the leaf stem. Know which kind you are dealing with. As for the edible kinds, you can eat the tiny little mustard-like seeds, they are full of powerful nutrition, despite their size. They can be chewed when fresh in summer. When they dry in the fall, they become really hard and need to be soaked first.

Vicia

 

a genus of annual, biennial, or perennial herbs of the family Leguminosae. The stems are usually weak and only rarely upright. The leaves as a rule are paripinnate and end in tendrils, with Which they cling to surrounding plants or another support. There are one or two to three flowers in the leaf axils, or the flowers may be gathered in clusters. There are more than 150 species, predominantly in the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere, especially in the Mediterranean countries; there are a few in South America and in the mountains of tropical East Africa. In the USSR there are more than 80 species, mainly in the Caucasus. Almost all Vicia are good nectar plants and valuable fodder grasses. The cultivated species are better known by the name vetch. The perennial unijugate vetch (V. unijuga) is grown as an ornamental. The genus Vicia sometimes includes the species V.faba, beans.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Forage yield, chemical composition and in vitro gas production of triticale (X Triticosecale wittmack) and barley (Hordeum vulgare) associated with common vetch (Vicia sativa) preserved as hay or silage.
Likewise, among legumes, GE of tested legumes was ranged from1.56 MJ/kg DM in Astraglus homosus to 1.74 in MJ/kg DM in Vicia sativa.
[P.sub.0][V.sub.0]: sin agregado de P ni de Vicia sativa; [P.sub.0][V.sub.1]: sin agregado de P y con Vicia; [P.sub.1][V.sub.0] con agregado de P y sin Vicia; [P.sub.1][V.sub.1]: con agregado de P y con Vicia.
Diferencas entre especies de ervilhaca (Vicia sativa e Vicia villosa) quanto a sensibilidade aos herbicidas utilizados para seu controle em trigo.
This chromosome was noticeably absent from most of the other Vicia sativa aggregate (Maxted et al.
Putnam, "Neurotoxins in a vetch food: stability to cooking and removal of [gamma]-glutamyl-[beta]-cyanoalanine and [beta]-cyanoalanine and acute toxicity from common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) legumes," Journal of the Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol.
Hindi rasyonlarina katilan adi figin (Vicia sativa L.) performans ilebazi hematolojik ve biyokimyasal parametreler uzerine etkileri.
To reduce this effect we chose Vicia sativa that belongs to the Leguminosae family and it is wide known that legume cover crops improve soil nutrient status through addition of organic nitrogen (Holderbaum et al.
Defoliation of the common vetch, Vicia sativa, significantly reduces the number of fruit and seeds, as well as total seed mass and individual seed mass (Koptur et al., 1996).
(6); Parthenium hysterophorus (1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 11); Plantago major (10, 13, 14); Solanum nigrum (6, 7, 10); Sonchus asper (3, 6, 7, 11); Tagetes minuta (11); Taraxacum officinale (6, 7) and Vicia sativa (6).
Oats (Avena sativa)- Common Vetch (Vicia sativa) mixtures grown on a low input basis for a suitable agriculture.