Vicia

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Related to Vicia villosa: Vicia sativa, Vicia cracca, winter vetch
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vetch

vetch

There are edible kinds like Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa), Bitter vetch (Vicia ervilia), and toxic kinds like Crown vetch (Securigera varia) which has flowers that look like clover that can slow the pulse and even cause death. Vetch leaves all have the trademark little thin leaves sticking out 90 degrees along both sides of the leaf stem. Know which kind you are dealing with. As for the edible kinds, you can eat the tiny little mustard-like seeds, they are full of powerful nutrition, despite their size. They can be chewed when fresh in summer. When they dry in the fall, they become really hard and need to be soaked first.

Vicia

 

a genus of annual, biennial, or perennial herbs of the family Leguminosae. The stems are usually weak and only rarely upright. The leaves as a rule are paripinnate and end in tendrils, with Which they cling to surrounding plants or another support. There are one or two to three flowers in the leaf axils, or the flowers may be gathered in clusters. There are more than 150 species, predominantly in the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere, especially in the Mediterranean countries; there are a few in South America and in the mountains of tropical East Africa. In the USSR there are more than 80 species, mainly in the Caucasus. Almost all Vicia are good nectar plants and valuable fodder grasses. The cultivated species are better known by the name vetch. The perennial unijugate vetch (V. unijuga) is grown as an ornamental. The genus Vicia sometimes includes the species V.faba, beans.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Namoi woolly pod vetch (Vicia villosa Roth.) was sown in the experiment from 2002 to 2006, and purple or Popany vetch (Vicia benghalensis L.) thereafter, because the latter does not suffer from hardseededness.
Hemorrhagic changes associated with Vicia villosa poisoning in cattle have rarely been observed previously (PEET & GARDNER, 1986; ODRIOZOLA et al., 1991).
Os cultivos intercalados com algodoeiro foram canola (Brassica napus), alfafa (Medicago sativa), ervilha (Vicia villosa) e esparceta (Onobrychis viciifolia).
Response of weed emergence to rate of Vicia villosa Roth and Secale cereale L.
Namoi woolly pod vetch (Vicia villosa Roth.) was sown in the experiment from 2002 to 2006 and purple or Popany vetch thereafter, because the latter does not suffer from hardseededness.
trifoliorum isolates were collected from alfalfa, red clover (Trifolium pratense L.), hairy vetch (Vicia villosa L.), hop clover (T.
With aboveground biomass inputs ranging from 4 to 5 Mg ha-', cereal rye (Secale cereale L.) and annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.) showed greater potential for increasing soil organic C in this temperate, humid region of Washington than Austrian winter pea (Lathyrus hirsutus L.), hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth), and canola (Brassica napus L.).
Weed control in corn (Zea mays L.) by hairy vetch (Vicia villosa L.) interseeded at different rates and times.
Cover treatments were: no cover, hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth), crimson clover (Trifolium incarnatum L.), Austrian winter pea (Pisum sativum ssp.
[38] reported germination inhibition of some crops from residues and leachates of crimson clover (Trifolium incarnatum) and hairy vetch (Vicia villosa).
Experiments using hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth) before no-till corn (Zea mays L.) in numerous regions indicate that this legume adds nitrogen equivalencies on the order of 60 to 80 kg [ha.sup.-1] (3,6,8,13,19,20,23).