Victor Emmanuel III

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Victor Emmanuel III,

1869–1947, king of Italy (1900–1946), emperor of Ethiopia (1936–43), king of Albania (1939–43), son and successor of Humbert I. In 1896 he married Princess Helena of Montenegro. Though involved with Germany and Austria-Hungary in the Triple Alliance, he sought cordial relations with France and Great Britain. He favored the war of 1911–12 against Turkey, thus acquiring Libya. Though first advocating neutrality, he finally joined (1915) the Allies in World War I. He was unable to handle the confused internal situation of ItalyItaly
, Ital. Italia, officially Italian Republic, republic (2015 est. pop. 59,504,000), 116,303 sq mi (301,225 sq km), S Europe. It borders on France in the northwest, the Ligurian Sea and the Tyrrhenian Sea in the west, the Ionian Sea in the south, the Adriatic Sea in
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 after the war, refused to oppose the Fascist march on Rome, and asked (1922) MussoliniMussolini, Benito
, 1883–1945, Italian dictator and leader of the Fascist movement. Early Career

His father, an ardent Socialist, was a blacksmith; his mother was a teacher.
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 to form a government. Under the Fascist regime he was king in name only, but Mussolini's conquests added to his list of titles. During World War II, when the Fascist grand council voted (1943) against continued support of Mussolini, the king dismissed the dictator, placed him under arrest, and named Pietro BadoglioBadoglio, Pietro
, 1871–1956, Italian soldier and public official. After serving in World War I, he was governor of Libya (1929–33) and succeeded Gen. Emilio de Bono as commander in chief in the Ethiopian conquest, which he brought (1936) to a victorious end.
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 premier. German troops occupied Rome after Italy surrendered to the Allies, and Victor Emmanuel fled to S Italy. Unpopular because of his long association with Mussolini, he was obliged to transmit (1944) his royal prerogatives to his son, Humbert II, in whose favor he abdicated in 1946. He died in exile in Egypt.
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Victor Emmanuel III

1869--1947, last king of Italy (1900--46): dominated after 1922 by Mussolini, whom he appointed as premier; abdicated
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Victor Emmanuel III's 46-year reign, which started in 1900 after the assassination of his father Umberto I, encompassed the period of fascist rule in Italy under dictator Benito Mussolini.
This might even have healed the Duce's eventual breach with King Victor Emmanuel III, who willingly lamented the 1938 race laws, and who learned from experience what befell royals who irked the Nazis (his own daughter Mafalda perished in Buchenwald).
Also on this day: 1785 Joseph Bramah patentedthe beer pump handle; 1887: Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show opened at West Brompton, London, as a part of the American exhibition; 1901: the first Federal Parliament met in Melbourne, Australia; 1946: Victor Emmanuel III, Italian monarch since 1900, abdicated as Italy became a republic.
King Victor Emmanuel III asked the 39-year-old Musso to form a Ministry.
Italy annexed Ethiopia to its empire on May 9, and Victor Emmanuel III of Italy was declared Emperor of Ethiopia.
| 1929: The first Italian parliament made up exclusively of Fascists led by Benito Mussolini was opened by Victor Emmanuel III.
In 1943, Benito Mussolini was dismissed as premier of Italy by King Victor Emmanuel III, and placed under arrest.
Victor Emmanuel III of Italy abdicated on May 9, 1946, and was succeeded by his son, Humbert II (b.
Umberto I of Italy was assassinated on July 29, 1990, and was succeeded by his son, who reigned as Victor Emmanuel III (1869-1947).
1929: The first Italian parliament made up exclusively of Fascists led by Benito Mussolini (above) was opened by Victor Emmanuel III.
The King of Italy, Victor Emmanuel III, opened the Royal Basilica of the Church of San Francesco di Paola for Caruso's funeral, which was attended by thousands of people.