François Auguste Victor Grignard

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Grignard, François Auguste Victor

 

Born May 6. 1871, in Cherbourg; died Dec. 13. 1935, in Lyon. French organic chemist. Member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1926).

Grignard taught at the University of Nancy, becoming a professor in 1909. In 1900, together with his teacher, P. Bar-bier, Grignard obtained a solution of etherates of mixed magnesium-halogen-organic compounds and used these compounds in synthesizing many classes of organic compounds. The new method soon became widespread in chemical practice (Grignard reaction). Grignard devoted much attention to working out the nomenclature of organic compounds. He was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1912 (jointly with P. Sabatier).

WORKS

Sur Les Combinaisons organomagnésiennes mixtes et leur application à des svnthèses d’acides, d’alcools, et d’hydrocarbures. Lyon, 1901.
“Le Magnésium en chimie organique.” Bulletin de la Société chimique de France. 1913. vol. 13.
Traité de chimie organique, vols. 1–23. Paris. 1935–54.

REFERENCES

“Viktor Grin’iar. 1871–1935” (obituary). Vspekhi khimii. 1936. vol. 5. issue 1.
Courtot, C. “Notice sur la vie et les travaux de Victor Grignard (1871–1935).” Bulletin de la Société chimique de France, 1936, vol. 3. nos. 8–9. (Contains list of Grignard’s works.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Francois Auguste Victor Grignard was born in Cherbourg, France on May 6, 1871.
In World War I (1914-1918), Victor Grignard served France initially in the army and then as a research scientist who made important contributions (see later).
On May 14, 1900, Henri Moissan (1852-1907, Nobel laureate 1906) presented to the Academie des Sciences a note having Victor Grignard as sole author and entitled 'Sur quelques nouvelles combinaisons organometalliques du magnesium et leur application a des syntheses d'alcools et d'hydrocarbures.' This first announcement of Grignard's successful research was published in the Comptes Rendus of the Academie [7], and the work was quickly noticed by organic chemists, some of whom even tried to claim the discovery!