Victor Gruen


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Gruen, Victor

 

Born July 18, 1903, in Vienna. American architect.

Gruen studied in Vienna at the Higher School of Technology and at the Academy of Arts under P. Behrens. Since 1938 he has lived in the USA. An adherent of functionalism he was a pioneer and theoretician in the building of shopping and community service centers outside of cities but linked with them by convenient transportation. He designed the Northland Shopping Center 14 km from Detroit. (Built during 1952–54, it includes shops, a restaurant, ballrooms, underground roadways, and parking spaces for 10,000 automobiles.) Gruen also built the Southdale Shopping Center near Minneapolis (1956), and he is the designer of a shopping center in Fort Worth (1950’s). The Fort Worth center is a “pedestrian island” with an area of 2.6 sq km, and it consists of public and commercial buildings, six garages, and an underground street with escalators. Gruen is a critic of the chaotic condition of American cities.

WORKS

“How to Live With Your Architect.” Architectural Record, 1949, no. 28.
References in periodicals archive ?
Once in America, he worked for distinguished architects Josep Lluis Sert and Victor Gruen before starting his own firm in 1968 with two partners - Richard L Blinder and John H Beyer.
As the inventor of the concept of the modern mall, the Austrian architect Victor Gruen "may well have been the most influential architect of the 20th century," wrote Malcolm Gladwell in "The New Yorker.
Perrin's love of classic contemporary design is a family trait: Her parents now live between a rare one-story house in Beverly Hills, designed in 1950 by the midcentury modern architect Victor Gruen, and an apartment on Quai Voltaire in Paris.
Even Victor Gruen, the architect who invented the enclosed mall, ended up hating his creation.
Robert Moses looked to super-block development and Title of the US Housing Act of 1949 to funnel federal dollars into urban renewal projects in New York City, Because it had been successful in the suburbs, Victor Gruen sought retail development in the form of downtown shopping centres.
It was a Viennese architect and city planner, Victor Gruen, an immigrant to the US in the late 1930s, who transferred his - at that time - revolutionary ideas to his new host country.
The Gruen Transfer," named for the designer of the first shopping mall, Victor Gruen, ended the season July 30 with 1.
Built in 1969, the building was designed by Victor Gruen - the restaurant's namesake - in a modernist style.
It also goes to Victor Gruen, an urban designer and architect whose master plan for Valencia -- now the city's center -- encouraged neighborliness and family.
After receiving a degree in architecture from USC, he worked for a year and half in the Los Angeles office of the Viennese emigre Victor Gruen, a pioneer designer of shopping centers and automobile-conscio us downtowns.
In 1947, Gehry moved with his family to Los Angeles, where he studied architecture at the University of Southern California and worked for the architectural firm of Victor Gruen Associates.
Before founding the firm, Gehry worked with architects Victor Gruen and Pereira & Luckman (Los Angeles) and Andre Remondet (Paris).