Viktor Meyer

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Meyer, Viktor


Born Sept. 8, 1848, in Berlin; died Aug. 8, 1897, in Heidelberg. German chemist. Graduated from the University of Heidelberg in 1868. Professor at the Zurich Polytechnic Institute from 1872 to 1885 and then at the Universities of Gottingen (1885–89) and Heidelberg (after 1889).

Meyer was the first (1872) to obtain and study aliphatic nitro compounds. He established that, under the action of nitric acid, primary nitro compounds form nitrolic acids and secondary nitro compounds form pseudonitroles. Meyer carried out the reduction of nitro compounds to alkyl hydroxylamines and amines. In 1882 he discovered thiophene in the benzene fraction of coal tar. He studied the properties of thiophene and several thiophene derivatives. He determined the interaction of aldehydes and ketones with hydroxylamine and was the first to obtain oximes. He was the first (1892) to isolate iodoso, iodo, and iodonium compounds. Meyer introduced the concept of “steric hindrances” in chemical reactions and proposed a method for determining the molecular weight of substances from their vapor density (1878–80).


In Russian translation:
Zadachi atomistiki. Riga, 1896.


Meyer, R. Victor Meyer: Leben und Wirken, 1848–1897, vols. 1–4. Leipzig, 1917.
References in periodicals archive ?
No primeiro estudo, Strategies in Universities: Tensions Between Macro Intentions and Micro Actions, Victor Meyer Junior, Lucilaine Maria Pascuci e Bernardo Meyer investigam "em que extensao estrategias academicas sao impactadas pelas tensoes desencadeadas por macro intencoes da alta administracao e micro acoes da gestao academica", identificando que "modelos gerenciais importados do mercado apresentam beneficios duvidosos e controversos na gestao de universidades".
The second article (Strategic Management in Hospitals: Tensions between the Managerial and Institutional Lens by Lucilaine Maria Pascuci, Victor Meyer Junior and Joao Marcelo Crubellate), deals with how strategic management contributed to reducing tensions derived from managerial and institutional logics in philanthropic hospitals.
E para fechar este numero, Bernardo Meyer, Victor Meyer Jr., Kamila Vieira da Silva e Larissa Mallmann Fernandes Almeida Brandao apresentam o estudo de caso de uma empresa de telecomunicacoes brasileira que esta operando na China.
At the top of the eggs, designed by Faberge creator Victor Meyer, is a miniature St Edward's Crown.