Victor Frederick Weisskopf

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Weisskopf, Victor Frederick


Born Sept. 19, 1908, in Vienna. Theoretical physicist. Member of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA since 1952.

Weisskopf graduated from the University of Göttingen in 1931. He taught at the University of Berlin (1932-33), Zürich Technological Institute (1933-35), and the Institute for Theoretical Physics in Copenhagen (1935-37). In 1937 he emigrated to the USA. He was professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1946-61 and since 1965). From 1961 to 1965 he was director of the European Council for Nuclear Research (CERN). Weisskopf has made a great contribution to modern nuclear physics. He has done valuable research in the field of quantum electrodynamics. He developed the theory of polarization of the vacuum and studied the Lamb shift—that is, the change in the energy of a hydrogen atom, connected with the quantum nature of the electromagnetic field. He is also a member of the Paris (1957) and Danish (1961) academies of sciences.


Theoretical Nuclear Physics. New York-London, 1952.
In Russian translation:
Teoreticheskaia iadernaia fizika. Moscow, 1954. (With J. Blatt.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(17) Victor Weisskopf, interview by author, Newton, MA, May 21, 2001.
professor emeritus of physics, Victor Weisskopf, (16) a Los Alamos theoretical group leader, and Mildred Goldberger, a mathematician at the University of Chicago's Metallurgical laboratory and a signer of a scientists' petition to President Truman asking that the bomb be demonstrated before being used on Japan.
The first interview was with Victor Weisskopf at his home in Newton, Massachusetts.
VICTOR WEISSKOPF: I mean, it was very impressive, you see.
York stated in Atomic Fragments that unlike Victor Weisskopf, he did not feel guilt about his work on the atomic bomb, but rather, responsibility in his postwar choices.
Gordon Kane is the Victor Weisskopf Collegiate Professor of Physics at the Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics, Randall Physics Lab, University of Michigan.
In 1990 thirty-two prominent scientists, led by Carl Sagan, put their signatures to a document entitled "An Open Letter to the Religious Community." Freeman Dyson; Stephen Jay Gould, Motoo Kimura, Lynn Margulis, Peter Raven, Stephen Schneider, and Victor Weisskopf were among the signatories.
Their work was viewed by Niels Bohr, Rudolf Peierls and Victor Weisskopf, who knew the Soviet physics community well in the 1930s, and who considered it "no different" from the best of other countries.
Victor Weisskopf, Knowledge and Wonder (1962, Fog Index 12.7)--A characteristic example of the plug-and-hole bond is the water molecule, |H.sub.2~O, which consists of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen.
"I insisted", wrote Victor Weisskopf, CERN director-general in the early 1960s, "that anyone who entered CERN be regarded as a European and no loner a citizen of some nation."
As Victor Weisskopf put it: Science cannot develop unless it is pursued for the sake of pure knowledge and insight.
(11.) Victor Weisskopf, Physics in the Twentieth Century: Selected Essays (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1972), 364.
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