Woodhull, Victoria

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Woodhull, Victoria (Claflin),

1838–1927, and

Tennessee Claflin,

1846–1923, American journalists and lecturers, b. Ohio, sisters noted for their beauty and wildly eccentric behavior. As children they traveled throughout Ohio with their parents, giving spiritualist demonstrations. At 15, Victoria married Dr. Canning Woodhull but continued to tour as a clairvoyant with Tennessee. Victoria divorced Woodhull in 1864 and two years later probably married Col. James Blood (there is doubt as to the validity of the marriage). Tennessee married John Bartels but retained her maiden name. In New York City after 1868, the sisters were backed in a brokerage venture by Cornelius VanderbiltVanderbilt, Cornelius,
1794–1877, American railroad magnate, b. Staten Island, N.Y. As a boy he ferried freight and passengers from Staten Island to Manhattan, and he soon gained control of most of the ferry lines and other short lines in the vicinity of New York City.
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, who was interested in spiritualism. In 1870, Victoria and Tennessee, with the financial support of Col. Blood, became proprietors of Woodhull and Claflin's Weekly, a sensational journal that took stands in favor of woman suffrage, free love, and socialism. In 1872 the paper reported rumors of a love affair between Rev. Henry Ward BeecherBeecher, Henry Ward,
1813–87, American Congregational preacher, orator, and lecturer, b. Litchfield, Conn.; son of Lyman Beecher and brother of Harriet Beecher Stowe. He graduated from Amherst in 1834 and attended Lane Theological Seminary, Cincinnati.
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 and the wife of Theodore TiltonTilton, Theodore,
1835–1907, American journalist, b. New York City. After working for the New York Observer he was (1863–71) editor in chief of the Independent, a Congregationalist weekly.
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, which provoked a national scandal. Also in 1872, the journal published the first English translation of The Communist Manifesto. In the same year Victoria became the first woman candidate for president, running on the People's party ticket with Frederick DouglassDouglass, Frederick
, c.1818–1895, American abolitionist, b. near Easton, Md. as Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey. The son of a black slave, Harriet Bailey, and a white father, most likely his mother's owner, he reinvented himself by taking the name of Douglass (from
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 as her running mate. The two sisters moved to England in 1877. Victoria, having divorced Blood, married John Biddulph Martin, a wealthy banker. Tennessee, also divorced, married Francis Cook, an English art collector who became a baronet in 1886. Both women became well-known philanthropists.

Bibliography

See biographies by J. Johnston (1967) and M. M. Marberry (1967); B. Goldsmith, Other Powers (1998); M. Gabriel, Notorious Victoria (1998); E. Fitzpatrick, The Highest Glass Ceiling: Women's Quest for the American Presidency (2016).

References in periodicals archive ?
How did Victoria Claflin Woodhull (1838-1927) become the first woman invited to speak to the United State Congress, and then the first female to run for president.
His own background is a story in itself: he is the great-grandnephew of Victoria Claflin Woodhull, the first woman stockbroker and first woman presidential candidate (1872) in American history.
But we haven't heard enough about the most liberated woman of them all - Victoria Claflin Woodhull (1838 -1927).
The author of this study acknowledges that Victoria Claflin Woodhull has become one of the most written about but least remembered and understood of the late nineteenth century feminists.
Woman Citizen, Public Spectacle: Victoria Claflin Woodhull and Woman Suffrage, 1870-1872, Angela G.
Also rejected by the public was Victoria Claflin Woodhull, a journalist, reformer, pioneer for women's rights and the first woman presidential candidate.
SISTERS Victoria Claflin Woodhull and Tennessee Claflin opened their brokerage office in New York on January 19, 1870.
Victoria Claflin was born white trash in Homer, Ohio, in 1838, the seventh of Reuben Buckman "Buck" Claflin and Roxanna Hummel Claflin's ten children.
There are no tributes to Amelia Earhart, the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic, to Victoria Claflin Woodhull, the first woman to run for president, or to Jeannette Rankin, a pacifist who was the first woman elected to Congress and the only representative to cast a vote against U.S.
Added to the list is that Victoria Claflin Woodhull (1838-1927) was perhaps the most hated woman in the United States and England in the 19th century Thomas Nast, the famed cartoonist of the times, depicted her as "Mrs.
Anthony; Clara Barton; Belva Bennett Lockwood; Clara Bewick Colby; Antoinette Brown Blackwell; Elizabeth Cady Stanton; Victoria Claflin Woodhull; Laura Clay; Mary Clyens Lease; Lucretia Coffin Mott; Voltairine de Cleyre; Anna E.

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