Victoria Falls

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Victoria Falls,

waterfall, c.1 mi (1.6 km) wide with a maximum drop of 420 ft (128 m), in the ZambeziZambezi
, river, c.1,700 mi (2,740 km) long, rising in NW Zambia, S central Africa, and flowing in an S-shaped course generally E through E Angola, along the Zambia-Zimbabwe border, and through central Mozambique to the Mozambique Channel of the Indian Ocean, near Chinde.
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 River, S central Africa, on the Zambia-Zimbabwe border. The falls are formed as the Zambezi plummets into a narrow chasm (c.400 ft/120 m wide) carved by its waters along a fracture zone in the earth's crust. Numerous islets at the crest of the falls divide the water to form a series of falls. The thick mist and loud roar produced there are perceptible from a distance of about 25 mi (40 km). The Boiling Pot, the beginning of a winding gorge (c.50 mi/80 km long) through which the river flows below the falls, is spanned by a 650 ft (198 m) long bridge that is 310 ft (94 m) above the river. The gorge is now partially submerged as a result of the construction of the Kariba DamKariba Dam
, hydroelectric project, in Kariba Gorge of the Zambezi River, on the Zambia-Zimbabwe border, S central Africa; built 1955–59. One of the world's largest dams, it is 420 ft (128 m) high and 1,900 ft (579 m) long.
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. David LivingstoneLivingstone, David
, 1813–73, Scottish missionary and explorer in Africa, the first European to cross the African continent. From 1841 to 1852, while a medical missionary for the London Missionary Society in what is now Botswana, he crossed the Kalahari desert and reached
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, the British explorer, visited the falls in 1855 and named them for Queen Victoria. The falls are part of two national parks and draw many tourists to the area.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Victoria Falls


one of the largest waterfalls in the world. Located on the Zambezi River in southern Africa, it is 1,800 m in width. The water plunges down over the lip from a height of 120 m into a narrow (130 m) and deep (140 m) gorge of basalt rocks, forming gigantic columns of water spray. The natives call this waterfall Mosi-oa-tunya, “the smoke which thunders,” or Seongo, “the rainbow.” During the course of the year the water discharge varies greatly; on an average it amounts to about 1,400 cu m per sec. These falls were discovered in 1855 by the British explorer D. Livingstone and were named after the British queen.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Victoria Falls is one of those curious small towns which seems to exist solely for tourism purposes.
The hotel has a luxurious pool, which is the perfect place to catch some sun and relax before the onward journey to Victoria Falls.
The demonstrations prompt- ed the cancellation of flights to Victoria Falls by some air- lines.
Ndlovu and Fox appear accustomed to adventure on the Zambezi, which feeds into the mighty Victoria Falls.
Thousands of visitors to Zimbabwe and Zambia are drawn to the awe-inspiring attraction of the Victoria Falls - one of the seven natural wonders of the world.
The bridge carries road, rail and foot traffic crossing the Second Gorge of Victoria Falls and the Zimbabwe-Zambia border.
Legacy very high-frequency direction finding (VDF) equipment will also be delivered to ensure small aircraft operators receive navigational assistance from the Victoria Falls ATC tower.
Caption: Namibia's grand dame of international relations, Hon Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah forms the anchor point (centre front) of this group of SADC ministers who have converged on Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe for technical meetings preceding the Heads of State summit which starts this weekend.
Arriving in the Victoria Falls Safari Lodge itself is an experience, as I am greeted by a gatekeeper in a feathered head dress waving to me with a spear in his hand.
SAA Vacations said that its customisable Family Safari collection also includes packages with a variety of activities, properties and lodges including Jr Tracker and Ranger training programs, exploration of the Cape region's Garden Route, or the Victoria Falls in Zambia.
AirZim has recently resumed domestic and regional flights to Johannesburg, and domestically the carrier flies to Bulawayo and Victoria Falls. Flights leave daily to Johannesburg and twice a week on the Johannesburg-Victoria Falls route.
Storella and Bruce Wharton, respectively, bicycled across the Victoria Falls Bridge with an entourage of followers May 21-23 in the first-ever Bike Across Borders outreach activity.

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