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Victoria Land,part of E AntarcticaAntarctica
, the fifth largest continent, c.5,500,000 sq mi (14,245,000 sq km), asymmetrically centered on the South Pole and almost entirely within the Antarctic Circle. Geology and Geography
Antarctica consists of two major regions: W Antarctica (c.
..... Click the link for more information. , S of New Zealand; Cape Adare is to the northeast. Bounded on the E by the Ross Sea and on the W by Wilkes Land, it consists of ranges of the Transantarctic Mts., with a high plateau in the interior. The region was first visited during the expedition (1839–43) of Sir James Clark Ross and was first carefully studied by the Douglas Mawson expedition (1911–14).
part of the territory of Antarctica located between 142° and 170° E long., extending south to 78° S lat. and reaching the Ross Sea in the west. The western part of Victoria Land is an extensive mountainous region with elevations of up to 4,025 m (Mount Lister). In the eastern part the mountains adjoin a glacial plateau with elevations of up to 2,500 m. The thickness of the ice in the central part of Victoria Land exceeds 2,000-2,500 m. The English expedition of J. C. Ross discovered the region in 1841 and named it after the queen of England. Victoria Land is being explored by antarctic research expeditions from the USA and New Zealand.