Durango, state, Mexico
, state, 47,691 sq mi (123,520 sq km), N central Mexico. The city of Durango
is the capital. The western half of the state is dominated by the Sierra Madre Occidental. These mountains contain deposits of many different minerals, and the mines extend north into the state of Chihuahua and south into Zacatecas. Durango is a leading national producer of ferrous metals. The semiarid plains of E Durango afford good ranching, and livestock raising is a major occupation. Lumbering is also economically important in the state. On the border of Coahuila is the fertile Laguna District
, where vast desert basin lands are irrigated by the Nazas River. Gómez Palacio is the main settlement in this region. Cotton is the chief crop in the Nazas Valley, and wheat, sugarcane, tobacco, corn, and vegetables are also grown. Although known early to the Spanish, Durango was not opened up until 1562, when Francisco de Ibarra undertook its exploration and colonization. The early European settlers of Durango and Chihuahua (which were then called Nueva Viscaya) were strongly resisted by the native population, but the mines and grazing lands continued to attract colonists. Durango became a separate state in 1823, shortly after the Mexican revolution against Spain.
Durango, city, Mexico
Durango (do͞orängˈgō) or Victoria de Durango (vēktôrˈyä ᵺā), city, capital of Durango state, N central Mexico, along the highway linking Mexico City with El Paso, Tex. Minerals are the chief product, but the city is also an agricultural, commercial, and tourist center. Founded as a mining town in 1563, Durango served as capital of the region of Nueva Viscaya. In the 19th cent. the city suffered frequent scorpion plagues. Nearby is the Cerro del Mercado (640 ft/195 m high), a hill of solid iron ore. Durango's cathedral is a massive example of early 18th-century architecture.
Durango, city, United States
, city (2020 pop. 19,071), seat of La Plata co., SW Colo., on the Animas River; inc. 1881. In a mountainous region at an elevation of c.6,500 ft (1,980 m), it produces computer software and has farming, mining, lumbering, and increasing tourism and recreation, especially skiing, rafting and kayaking, and fishing. Durango is the gateway to Mesa Verde National Park
and Canyons of the Ancients National Monument and the headquarters for the San Juan National Forest. Fort Lewis College is in the city, and Ute reservations are nearby.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a state in Mexico. Area, 119,600 sq km. Population, 919,000 (1970). Capital, the city of Durango. The state is located in the Meseta Central. The Sierra Madre Occidental lies in the west. The Indian communities engage in subsistence farming, (corn, beans). There are logging operations for various conifers in the foothills as well as small sawmills. In Cerro de Mercado, near the city of Durango, there are iron ore deposits, which are an important base for the country’s ferrous metallurgy.
a city in Mexico in the foothills of the Sierra Madre Occidental. Capital of Durango state. Population, 192,900 (1970). An important transport and commercial center, it has food, lumber, and textile industries.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
1. a state in N central Mexico: high plateau, with the Sierra Madre Occidental in the west; irrigated agriculture (esp cotton) and rich mineral resources. Capital: Durango. Pop.: 1 448 661 (2000). Area: 119 648 sq. km (46 662 sq. miles)
2. a city in NW central Mexico, capital of Durango state: mining centre. Pop.: 520 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005