Victorien Sardou


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Sardou, Victorien

 

Born Sept. 7, 1831, in Paris; died there Nov. 8, 1908. French playwright. Member of the Académie Française (1877).

Sardou wrote many plays, including vaudevilles and comedies of intrigue, such as The Legs of a Fly (I860), and semihis-torical comedies, such as Madame Sans-Gêne (with E. Moreau; staged 1893; published 1907; Russian translation, 1894). He also wrote dramas of everyday life and comedies of manners, such as The Benoiton Family (1865) and Rabagas (1872), and historical melodramas, such as Fatherland! (1869; Russian translation, 1872). Light and cleverly constructed, with witty dialogue, his plays were very popular with the middle-class public. They were timely and had a certain satirical incisiveness, but these qualities were blunted by the author’s apologetic affirmation of bourgeois values. Sardou’s plays have provided themes for a number of operas, including Puccini’s Tosca (1900). Works by Sardou were staged in prerevolutionary Russia; they have also been produced on the Soviet stage.

WORKS

Théâtre complet, vols. 1–15. Paris 1934–61.

REFERENCES

Istoriia zapadnoevropeiskogo teatra, vol. 3. Moscow, 1963.
Mouly, G. La Vie prodigieuse de V. Sardou. Paris, 1931.
References in periodicals archive ?
The work, based on Victorien Sardou's 1887 French-language dramatic play, La Tosca, is a melodramatic piece set in Rome in June 1800, with the Kingdom of Naples's control of Rome threatened by Napoleon's invasion of Italy.
Parmi les collaborateurs de Massenet figure aussi Victorien Sardou avec quelques lettres peu importantes et le manuscrit incomplet de Theodora (f.
The hat known as a fedora is thought to have some connection with Fedora, a melodrama by the French playwright Victorien Sardou, though the nature of the connection is unknown.
Sofia Casanova en su compromiso y defensa de la mujer moderna es parodiada por Victorien Sardou en su comedia titulada Las superhembras.
Highlights included the fantastical engravings of Victorien Sardou (depicting the elaborate palaces--some on Mars, others on Jupiter--of the spirits of Swedenborg, Mozart, Christ, and others), trance drawings by mediums Leon Petitjean and Catherine-Elise Muller (aka Helene Smith), the famous photographs, replete with ectoplasm, of seances conducted by Marthe Beraud (aka Eva C.), and the plaster molds of hands and feet supposedly materialized out of thin air by the medium Franek Kluski.
It was first created in 1894 by Marie''''s, a Parisian restaurant near the theatre Comedie Francaise, to honour the opening of the play Thermidor by Victorien Sardou.
A similar religious potency, endowed by dramatic action onto stage properties, could be seen with even more startling effect some years later when Victorien Sardou's La Tosca, a vehicle for Sarah Bernhardt and later the basis for Giacomo Puccini's opera, opened at the Theatre de la Porte Saint-Martin in 1887.
Achurch left the Adelphi on Saturday 26 March to take up an engagement at Edinburgh and Glasgow as Dora in the comedy Diplomacy, adapted from Victorien Sardou's Dora by Clement Scott and B.
Puccini wrote the opera after seeing Victorien Sardou's play written for the actress Sarah Bernhardt.
In France, the playwright Victorien Sardou, best known for Tosca, did automatic writing and drawing, as did Victor Hugo during his exile at Guernsey (Anonymous, 1906).