Victorio Codovilla

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Codovilla, Victorio

 

Born Feb. 8, 1894, in the village of Ottobiano in the province of Pavia, Italy; died Apr. 15, 1970 in Moscow. Figure in the Argentinian and international workers’ movement. The son of a petty trader.

Codovilla studied in a commercial school. In 1911 he became a member of the Socialist Party of Italy. In 1912, government persecutions of his revolutionary activity drove him to emigrate to Argentina, where he joined the Socialist Party of Argentina and soon headed its left wing. Codovilla helped found the socialist newspaper La Internacional. He greeted the Great October Revolution with enthusiasm and organized the actions of the Argentinian workers in defense of the young Soviet republic. Codovilla was one of the founders of the Communist Party of Argentina (CPA; founded in 1918; until 1920 it was known as the International Socialist Party), and he was a member of the party’s Central Committee and of the Executive Committee of the Central Committee from the beginning. From 1926 to 1928 he was the CPA’s representative to the Executive Committee of the Comintern, and from 1928 to 1930 he served as the secretary of the South American bureau of the Comintern. From 1941 to 1963, Codovilla was secretary of the Central Committee of the CPA. In 1963 he became chairman of the CPA.

Codovilla was frequently persecuted, imprisoned, and exiled for his revolutionary activity. His theoretical works maintain the purity of Marxism-Leninism from revisionism and sectarianism, defend the unity of the international Communist and workers’ movement, and advocate peaceful coexistence. Codovilla was awarded the Order of the October Revolution in 1969.

WORKS

Hacia dónde marcha el mundo! Buenos Aires, 1948.
Resistirá la Argentina al imperialismo yanqui? Buenos Aires, 1948.
Por la acción de masas hacia la conquista del poder. Buenos Aires, 1963.
In Russian translation:
Stat’i i rechi, 1926–1956. Moscow, 1957.
Izbrannye stat’i i rechi. Moscow, 1970.

V. M. GONCHAROV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Al escuchar los informes del argentino Victorio Codovilla y del delegado cubano Rafael Sainz ("Sotomayor"), elaboro un borrador de la resolucion cubana del CEIC (46), reconociendo como exitos importantes del PCC la fundacion de la Liga Antiimperialista, que "inicio el movimiento verdaderamente de masas" y la creacion de la Confederacion Nacional Obrera (47).
El argentino Victorio Codovilla y el venezolano Ricardo Martinez pusieron trabas para la eleccion del cubano en el Buro Central de la Internacional Sindical Roja, a pesar de las defensas del CC del PCM, que senalaban que Mella habia luchado contra el trotskismo y habia viajado a Estados Unidos para negociar con la delegacion de la Union Nacionalista, con la autorizacion de los dirigentes del PCM, y luego habia presentado informe pormenorizado sobre las platicas (50).
(52) Victorio Codovilla, "Carta al Secretariado Latino de la Comintern sobre el 'caso de Mella'", Buenos Aires, 18 de agosto de 1928, en RGASPI, Fondo 503, Inventario 1, carpeta 19, ff.
En 1945, Primer canto se constituye como la respuesta poetica a la base programatica del partido comunista que Victorio Codovilla definia asi:
Victorio Codovilla habia sido detenido por la policia junto con otros dirigentes del partido, entre ellos Rodolfo Ghioldi y Juan Jose Real, en febrero de 1943,a la salida de una reunion en la Casa Radical.
La campana por la libertad de los presos fue particularmente amplia en lo que respecta al camarada Victorio Codovilla, recluido en la carcel de Rio Gallegos por cuya vida se temia.
(2) This documentary history debunks the party's official history of stability and the firm leadership of Victorio Codovilla and Rodolfo Ghioldi.
Both dictionaries include an extensive entry on the ubiquitous Victorio Codovilla (1894-1970), the man who kept Latin American parties within the fold of Comintern orthodoxy and who prevented them from achieving autonomous existence.