Victory Day

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Victory Day


(Prazdnik Pobedy), a holiday celebrated by all the peoples of the USSR. It is held every year on May 9 to mark the Soviet people’s victory over fascist Germany in the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45.

Victory Day was established by a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on May 8, 1945. A decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on Apr. 26, 1965, proclaimed it an official holiday. On Victory Day the minister of defense of the USSR issues the traditional proclamation, and artillery salutes are fired in the capital of the USSR— the hero-city Moscow—and the capitals of the Union republics, the hero-cities, the hero-fortress of Brest, and the cities of Murmansk, Novosibirsk, Khabarovsk, and Vladivostok.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Victory Day (Our Lady of Victories Day)

September 8
This national holiday in Malta celebrates the lifting of two sieges:
In 1565, the Hospitallers, or the Knights of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, with 6,000-9,000 men, held Malta against a four-month siege by some 29,000 Ottoman Turks. The onslaught left half the knights dead, but the Turks didn't fare well either—the knights used the heads of Turkish captives as cannonballs, and the defeat of the Turks humbled the Ottoman Empire. (Malta was under the control of the knights, a religious and military order of the Roman Catholic Church dedicated to tending the sick and poor and warring against Muslims, from 1530 until June 1798, when Napoleon took possession of the island.)
During World War II, the island fought off Axis powers (Germany and Italy) despite three years of severe air bombardment. In April 1942, air-raid alerts averaged about 10 a day; the ruins included the Royal Opera House in Valletta, destroyed by a German bomb. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill called Malta "our only unsinkable aircraft carrier."
On April 15, 1942, England's King George VI awarded the island of Malta the George Cross, Britain's highest decoration for civilian gallantry, to "honour her brave people ... to bear witness to a heroism and devotion which will long be famous in history." This was the first time a medal was conferred on any part of the commonwealth. At this time, Britain also declared that self-government would be restored at the end of hostilities.
The holiday is celebrated with parades, fireworks, and a colorful regatta and boat races in the Grand Harbour at Valletta. A highlight of the boat races is that of the dgnajsas, oared taxi boats with painted designs. They are thought to date back to Phoenician times (800 b.c.e.).
See also Malta Independence Day
Malta National Tourist Office
65 Broadway, Ste. 823
New York, NY 10006
212-430-3799; fax: 425-795-3425
AnnivHol-2000, p. 151

Victory Day (Russia)
May 9
Victory Day is a national public holiday in the Russian Federation. It celebrates the defeat of Nazism and the end of World War II on European soil. On this day people remember the 27 million Russian civilians and soldiers who perished during the war. Each year on May 9 people crowd Moscow's Red Square for solemn rites of remembrance—one minute of silence and cannon or gun salutes—as well as traditional musical and dance performances. Veterans may attend wearing their uniforms and medals. Many leave flowers at memorials and graves. TV stations often air films about World War II.
Embassy of the Russian Federation
2650 Wisconsin Ave. N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20007
202-298-5700; fax: 202-298-5735
AnnivHol-2000, p. 79
FestWrld: Russia-1997, p. 13

Celebrated in: Russian Federation

Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World Dictionary, Fourth Edition. © 2010 by Omnigraphics, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
'Today, we, as the nation, are celebrating the 97th anniversary of the August 30 Victory Day, one of the golden episodes in our glorious history.
The celebration of our Victory Day in Atavatan Turkmenistan is another source of joy for us.
Both abroad and in our country we hear that public consciousness in Russia is being militarised, and Victory Day parades and processions are nothing other than imposing bellicose and militaristic sentiment at the state level.
On his two-year-old debut, Victory Day bumped into subsequent Group 1 winner Royal Meeting and was then an eyecatching fourth in a good race at Redcar in which Ascot fancy King Of Comedy was second.
Earlier, fugitive former banker Mukhtar Ablyazov, a vocal critic of the Kazakh government, who lives in France, called on Kazakh citizens via the Internet to hold protest rallies during the Victory Day celebrations.
World War II veteran Cirilo Frigillano (right) cries at the 74th Victory Day for Panay, Guimaras and Romblon Islands in Iloilo City.
2201, the Department of Foreign Affairs is tasked to 'plan, design and implement activities' for the 'West Philippine Sea Victory Day' to ensure the meaningful observance of the holiday.
CPP spokesman Sok Eysan wrote on Telegram on Sunday that Cambodians in Australia had on Saturday declared their intention to mark the anniversary with a protest in front of the Maxim restaurant in Springvale, a suburb of Victorian capital Melbourne, with at least 200 people joining a rally claiming that Victory Day was when Vietnam had invaded Cambodia.
The Embassy of Bangladesh in The Hague celebrated the 48th Victory Day on 16 December 2018 with due solemnity and festivity on the embassy premises.
The Bangladesh embassy in Doha yesterday observed Victory Day with due reverence and solemnity.
Al-Khatib said in a statement to NINA: "We congratulate the Iraqi people on Victory Day and salute our forces with all their formations, without the victory, then life will not come back and the companies will not come to advancement of the country's situation and the presence of companies in Iraq is proof of the recovery of the security situation."
31 (Petra) -- Turkish embassy in Amman Thursday celebrated the 96th anniversary of the Victory Day of Turkey.