Vicuña Mackenna, Benjamin

Vicuña Mackenna, Benjamin

(bānhämēn` vēko͞o`nyä mäkā`nä), 1831–86, Chilean historian and journalist. A vigorous opponent of the conservative government of Manuel Montt, he was sentenced to death for his part in the revolution of 1851–52, but escaped and spent some years in exile. He returned to Chile in 1856 and remained active in politics, running unsuccessfully for the presidency in 1875. He visited Mexico, the United States, and Europe and became a collector of manuscripts on early Chilean history. His historical works, based on immense knowledge and scholarship, number more than 100 volumes and include biographies of Antonio José de Sucre, Bernardo O'Higgins, and Diego Portales and a detailed chronicle of the War of the Pacific.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Vicun̄a Mackenna, Benjamin

 

Born Aug. 25, 1831; died Jan. 25, 1886. Chilean historian, publicist, and political figure.

Vicun̄a advocated the idea of a liberal bourgeois republic with broad representation of various social strata. He sup-ported the preservation of national sovereignty, protectionist policies, and the development of the national mining industry and regarded workers as a very important element of Chilean social life. Vicun̄a Mackenna was the author of a large number of works.

WORKS

Obras completas, vols. 1-15. Santiago, 1936-40.

V. I. ERMOLAEV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.