alpaca

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Related to Vicugna pacos: Microtus ochrogaster

alpaca

(ălpăk`ə), partially domesticated South American mammal, Lama pacos, of the camelcamel,
ruminant mammal of the family Camelidae. The family consists of three genera, the true camels of Asia (genus Camelus); the wild guanaco and the domesticated alpaca and llama, all of South America (genus Lama
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 family. Genetic studies show that it is a descendant of the vicuñavicuña
, wild South American hoofed mammal, Vicugna vicugna, the smallest member of the camel family. It is 30 in. (75 cm) high at the shoulder, with a long, slender neck and pale, fawn coloring.
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. Although the flesh is sometimes used for food, the animal is bred chiefly for its long, lustrous wool, which varies from black, through shades of brown, to white. Flocks of alpaca are kept by indigenous people in the highlands of Bolivia, Chile, and Peru. They feed on grasses growing close to the snow line, and they require a pure water supply.

The Incas had domesticated the alpaca and utilized its wool before the Spanish Conquest, but subsequently the alpaca and the llama were extensively hybridized, leading to a gradual reduction in the amount of high quality alpaca wool. Exporting of alpaca wool to Europe began after Sir Titus Salt discovered (1836) a way of manufacturing alpaca cloth. Breeding alpacas is a small but growing industry in the United States, Canada, and some other non-Andean nations.

Alpacas are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Camelidae.

alpaca

[al′pak·ə]
(vertebrate zoology)
Lama pacos. An artiodactyl of the camel family (Camelidae); economically important for its long, fine wool.

alpaca

1
1. a domesticated cud-chewing artiodactyl mammal, Lama pacos, closely related to the llama and native to South America: family Camelidae. Its dark shaggy hair is a source of wool
2. the cloth made from the wool of this animal
3. a glossy fabric simulating this, used for linings, etc.

alpaca

2 (sometimes), alpacca
a type of nickel silver used in jewellery
References in periodicals archive ?
Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the Melanocortin 1 Receptor gene are linked with lightness of fibre colour in Peruvian Alpaca (Vicugna pacos).
Fueron utilizadas seis alpacas (Vicugna pacos), cuatro adultos mayores de 2 anos y dos crias de 4 meses, de raza Huacaya, obtenidas de la Estacion Marangani del Centro de Investigacion IVITA, ubicada en Cusco, Peru.
Ciliate protozoa of the forestomach of llamas (Lama glama) and alpacas (Vicugna pacos) from the Bolivian Altiplano.
Cinetica de expression del factor de necrosis tumoral alfa (TNF-[alfa]) e interleucina 1 alfa (IL-1[alfa]) en mucosa intestinal de crias de alpaca (Vicugna pacos) sanas y con enteropatia.
Ante esto, el presente trabajo tuvo como objetivo identificar bacterias que puedan estar presentes en la mucosa uterina pre y poscopula en alpacas (Vicugna pacos) con y sin antecedentes reproductivos.
La alpaca (Vicugna pacos) es la especie de mayor difusion de los camelidos sudamericanos, y se le cria en extensas areas de pastos naturales en las zonas altoandinas, donde no es posible el desarrollo de la agricultura y la crianza exitosa de otras especies de animales domesticos.
Effect of glycerol concentration, Equex STM(r) supplementation and liquid storage prior to freezing on the motility and acrosome integrity of frozen-thawed epididymal alpaca (Vicugna pacos) sperm.
Deteccion de citoquinas inductora y efectora para la diferenciacion y funcion de linfocitos colaboradores 17 (Th 17) en mucosa intestinal de crias de alpaca (Vicugna pacos).
Caracterizacion anatomica de los senos paranasales de la alpaca (Vicugna pacos).
Saneamiento y eliminacion de la toxicidad de carne de alpaca (Vicugna pacos) con Sarcosistiosis mediante ahumado y curado.
ADDITION OF ANTIOXIDANT TEMPOL IN CRYOPRESERVATION OF ALPACA (Vicugna pacos) SPERM COLLECTED BY DEVIATION OF THE VAS DEFERENS