videocassette recorder

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videocassette recorder

(VCR), device that can record television programs or the images from a video camera on magnetic tape (see tape recordertape recorder,
device for recording and replaying of sound, video, and digital information on plastic (usually polyester) or paper tape. The tape is coated with fine particles of a magnetic substance, usually an oxide of iron, cobalt, or chromium.
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); it can also play prerecorded tapes. A VCR converts the separate audio and video portions of a television or video camera signal to magnetic flux variations to magnetize the tape. The video recording heads move in a direction almost perpendicular to the tape movement, resulting in tracks that run diagonally across the tape width and increasing tape capacity. A camcorder combines a video camera and VCR in a single handheld machine.

The first commercially successful VCR, which used a Betamax format, was introduced in 1975. A competitive format, VHS (Video Home System), was introduced in the same year and became the dominant system. Although both systems use 0.5-in.- (13-mm-) wide tape, they are mutually incompatible; a tape recorded on one system cannot be played on the other. A third system using 0.3-in.-wide (8-mm) tape was introduced in 1984; it is used primarily in camcorders. In 1994 electronics companies agreed on international standards for a digital VCR. The introduction of the DVD (1996) and the recordable DVD (see digital versatile discdigital versatile disc
or digital video disc
(DVD), a small plastic disc used for the storage of digital data. The successor media to the compact disc (CD), a DVD can have more than 100 times the storage capacity of a CD.
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) led to a steady shift away from the VCR. By 2003 rentals of DVDs surpassed VHS tapes, and by 2016 manufacturers had stopped producing both Betamax and VHS machines.

videocassette recorder

[¦vid·ē·ō‚kə′set ri‚kȯrd·ər]
(electronics)
A device for video recording and playing of magnetic tapes that are contained in plastic cases. Abbreviated VCR.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dixons expects to sell its remaining stock of video cassette recorders by Christmas.
28] Suppose, then, that a woman sets out to buy a cheap video cassette recorder, and believes that the one offered to her is stolen, but would buy it if it were not.
Included in its line are the SVCR-120R airborne video cassette recorder and the SVCR V-301 high-resolution recorder.
Microwave ovens and video cassette recorders found their way into almost two-thirds of American homes during the eighties alone.
Examples of products made by these establishments are video cassette recorders, televisions, stereo equipment, speaker systems, household-type video cameras, jukeboxes, and amplifiers for musical instruments and public address systems.
Dixons says demand for video cassette recorders has fallen dramatically since the middle of the 1990s.
Dixons says demand for video cassette recorders has fallen dramatically, while sales of DVD players have grown seven-fold in the past five years.
During the raid, more than 300 cassettes and DVDs were seized and officers found 10 video cassette recorders, two DVD players and two TV sets linked up, copying further tapes.
Annual worldwide demand for video cassette recorders, which peaked at over 50 million units in 2000, have been sliding and will be totally eclipsed by DVD machines by 2007, Japan's electronics industry body said Wednesday.
NEWHALL - Instead of finding presents under their tree on Christmas morning, residents of a Newhall retirement home awoke to discover that someone had stolen their big-screen television and two video cassette recorders overnight.
His best-known gaffe was in video cassette recorders.
Other system peripherals include video cassette recorders, which allow staff who were unable to attend a session to view the material at a later date.