videocassette recorder

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Related to Video cassettes: videotape

videocassette recorder

(VCR), device that can record television programs or the images from a video camera on magnetic tape (see tape recordertape recorder,
device for recording and replaying of sound, video, and digital information on plastic (usually polyester) or paper tape. The tape is coated with fine particles of a magnetic substance, usually an oxide of iron, cobalt, or chromium.
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); it can also play prerecorded tapes. A VCR converts the separate audio and video portions of a television or video camera signal to magnetic flux variations to magnetize the tape. The video recording heads move in a direction almost perpendicular to the tape movement, resulting in tracks that run diagonally across the tape width and increasing tape capacity. A camcorder combines a video camera and VCR in a single handheld machine.

The first commercially successful VCR, which used a Betamax format, was introduced in 1975. A competitive format, VHS (Video Home System), was introduced in the same year and became the dominant system. Although both systems use 0.5-in.- (13-mm-) wide tape, they are mutually incompatible; a tape recorded on one system cannot be played on the other. A third system using 0.3-in.-wide (8-mm) tape was introduced in 1984; it is used primarily in camcorders. In 1994 electronics companies agreed on international standards for a digital VCR. The introduction of the DVD (1996) and the recordable DVD (see digital versatile discdigital versatile disc
or digital video disc
(DVD), a small plastic disc used for the storage of digital data. The successor media to the compact disc (CD), a DVD can have more than 100 times the storage capacity of a CD.
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) led to a steady shift away from the VCR. By 2003 rentals of DVDs surpassed VHS tapes, and by 2016 manufacturers had stopped producing both Betamax and VHS machines.

videocassette recorder

[¦vid·ē·ō‚kə′set ri‚kȯrd·ər]
(electronics)
A device for video recording and playing of magnetic tapes that are contained in plastic cases. Abbreviated VCR.
References in periodicals archive ?
Millions of units 1996 2000 Audio cassette tape 1833 1500 Video cassette tape 1181 1190 Recordable minidiscs 35 275 Floppy disc 3260 1535 CD-Rom 79 510
DVDs were launched in the US last year and shops have sold 200,000 players already - far more than the equivalent sales figures for video cassette recorders when they were launched in 1975.
makes and distributes language education courses that are available on audio and video cassettes, DVD, and books.
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is a leading retailer of rental video cassettes, DVDs and video games with 6,860 outlets located across the United States and 25 other countries, most under the highly recognized Blockbuster name.
The firm specializes in the duplication of video cassettes and authoring and replication of optical media.
Holiday baskets are filled with a traditional holiday meal and individually wrapped gifts, toiletries, and special need items such as books, audio and video cassettes, compact disks, toys, canned goods, as well as winter necessities -- blankets, robes, slippers and warm clothing.
Video Business, a Variety Group Newsweekly, is a leading trade magazine published by Cahners Business Information and is dedicated to news reporting and analysis for retailers and distributors of pre-recorded video cassettes, DVD, video games and videodiscs.
These acquisitions expand Mediapak's capacity and product lines to create the largest supplier of injection-molded media packaging products for compact discs, VHS video cassettes and DVD discs in North America, with a substantial market position in Europe.