Viebig, Clara(klä`rä fē`bĭkh), 1860–1952, German novelist of the naturalist school. A skillful and sympathetic portrayer of working-class women, she wrote many novels, among them Das Weiberdorf [the women's village] (1900), Das tägliche Brot (1900, tr. Our Daily Bread, 1909), Die Wacht am Rhein [the watch on the Rhine] (1902), Das schlafende Heer (1904; tr. The Sleeping Army, 1929), Das Kreuz im Venn [the cross in Venn] (1908), Töchter der Hekuba (1917; tr. The Daughters of Hecuba, 1922), and a historical novel Der Vielgeliebte und die Vielgehasste [the much-loved man and the much-hated woman] (1935).
Born July 17, 1860, in Trier; died July 31, 1952, in West Berlin. German writer.
Viebig received a musical education. At first she wrote naturalistic novels depicting the savage customs of the German countryside, such as Children of the Eifel (1897), and the tragic fate of women, for example, Women’s Village (1900). Later, however, she turned to the realistic description of the difficult life of the urban poor in Our Daily Bread (1910) and A Handful of Earth (1915). Viebig’s later works are rather melodramatic and contain less social criticism.
WORKSAusgewählte Werke, vols. 1–8. Stuttgart, 1922.
Der Vielgeliebte und die Vielgehasste. Stuttgart-Berlin, 1935.