Vietminh


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Vietminh

 

(full name, Vietnam Doc Lap Dong Minh— League of Struggle for the Independence of Vietnam), the national united front organization of Vietnam from 1941 to 1951. It was established in May 1941 on the initiative of the Communist Party of Indochina. In addition to the Communist Party of Indochina, the Vietminh comprised trade union, youth, women’s, and peasant organizations. Later, its composition was extended to include representatives of the petite and national bourgeoisie (Democratic Party, June 1944), as well as of the prosperous peasants and patriotically oriented landowners. After the victory in Vietnam of the August Revolution of 1945 and the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam on Sept. 2, 1945, the Vietminh gained a majority of seats in the National Assembly in the general elections in 1946—230 seats out of 300. That same year the Socialist Party, established in 1946 and comprising part of the intelligentsia, joined the Vietminh. In March 1951 during the Vietnamese People’s War of Resistance of 1945-54, the Vietminh joined with the Lien Viet organization (the National Alliance, founded in 1946) to create a new national united front organization of Vietnam, which assumed the name Lien Viet.

References in periodicals archive ?
Nothing resembles the Vietminh world as closely as the Jesuits," says one of Larteguy's captains.
Tri Huu and his mother Le Nhi had been abandoned by his father, Huu Nghiep, a Vietminh fighter first against the French and then against the US-Americans and who at his death was honored as a revolutionary hero by the communists.
Pending a political settlement with the Royal Lao government, the pro-Vietnamese Pathet Lao, who had fought with the Vietminh against the French, were allowed to regroup in the two northern provinces they already controlled.
As Couto points out, the "long conversation here between the two outsiders about the fate of Vietnam is particularly poignant: the outsiders survive and the Vietminh guards get killed" (1988, 169).
Lucien Conein: Conein entered Hanoi when Japan surrendered and met with Ho Chi Minh and other Vietminh leaders.
Soon, however, both men are thrust into the French Army's violent war with the Vietminh, and Fowler, who comes to realize that Pyle's mission to Indochina is not as innocent as it seems, finds it difficult to stand by and impartially observe the bloodshed.
is to convince the village populations that we and not the Vietminh are fighting for their independence.
La collaboration du Vietminh avec les Etats-Unis apres 1945 pour obtenir l'independance face a la France n'etait pas amicale, mais purement pragmatique.
Estos conflictos incluyen la Guerra Civil griega (1946-1949), la insurgencia Vietminh contra los franceses en Vietnam (1946-1954), la insurgencia malaya (1950-1960), la guerra de Vietnam (1959-1975), la guerra de Camboya (en 1970-1975), la insurgencia jvp de Sri Lanka (1987-1989), las guerras de independencia en Angola (1961-1975), Mozambique (1962-1975), Guinea-Bissau (1962-1974) y Rodesia (1966-1979), y las insurrecciones en Venezuela (1963-1965), Nicaragua (1978-1979), Peru (1980-1999), Guatemala (1970-1971, 1978-1984), El Salvador (1979-1992) y Colombia (1964-presente), entre otros.
67) The French military at Dien Bien Phu was surrounded by the Vietminh, which was led by General Giap.
Britain sent 500,000 artillery shells to help France in her fight against the Vietminh in Vietnam.