Vietminh


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Vietminh

 

(full name, Vietnam Doc Lap Dong Minh— League of Struggle for the Independence of Vietnam), the national united front organization of Vietnam from 1941 to 1951. It was established in May 1941 on the initiative of the Communist Party of Indochina. In addition to the Communist Party of Indochina, the Vietminh comprised trade union, youth, women’s, and peasant organizations. Later, its composition was extended to include representatives of the petite and national bourgeoisie (Democratic Party, June 1944), as well as of the prosperous peasants and patriotically oriented landowners. After the victory in Vietnam of the August Revolution of 1945 and the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam on Sept. 2, 1945, the Vietminh gained a majority of seats in the National Assembly in the general elections in 1946—230 seats out of 300. That same year the Socialist Party, established in 1946 and comprising part of the intelligentsia, joined the Vietminh. In March 1951 during the Vietnamese People’s War of Resistance of 1945-54, the Vietminh joined with the Lien Viet organization (the National Alliance, founded in 1946) to create a new national united front organization of Vietnam, which assumed the name Lien Viet.

References in periodicals archive ?
Others had been captured from the French by the Vietminh during the fighting in the early 1950s.
"Kicking out the Vietminh: How Britain Allowed France to Reoccupy South Indochina, 1945-46." Journal of Contemporary History 40.1: 115-30.
("Nothing resembles the Vietminh world as closely as the Jesuits," says one of Larteguy's captains.) There was also an element of redemption to it.
Tri Huu and his mother Le Nhi had been abandoned by his father, Huu Nghiep, a Vietminh fighter first against the French and then against the US-Americans and who at his death was honored as a revolutionary hero by the communists.
French forces fought the Vietminh communist guerrillas from 1946 to 1954 and withdrew in disarray.
Nguyen Vy was born in South Central Vietnam in Quang Ngai province, which in the late 1940s and early 1950s had been a Vietminh stronghold against the French, and for a time in the 1960s was a communist stronghold.
* Many captured French MAT-49 9mm SMGs were converted to 7.62 x 25 Tokarev by the Vietminh.
Just months after Mao's victory over Chiang, Ho Chi Ming "secretly arrived to discuss the Vietminh's coming military offensive." To aid Ho's fight against the French, Mao was supplying 1,000 tons of arms per month by mid-1953--and "many PLA technical personnel and advisers were serving secretly with Ho Chi Minh's forces." To counter this, the United States provided non-Communist Vietnam $1.5 billion in economic assistance between 1951 and 1964.
One should note that during the First Indochina War, the Vietminh gained local air superiority over the French air force during the Battle of Dien Bien Phu (1954) without possessing a single aircraft.
In tracing the history of wars of liberation since 1945, it is clear that if we were just, we would be on the side of Mao in China, the Vietminh in Vietnam, the Land and Freedom Army (MAU-MAU) in Kenya the NLF in Algeria, Castro in Cuba, the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia, and the NLF of Laos and Vietnam.
En un sentido similar, Chamberlain ha presentado la intransigencia de ciertas metropolis para iniciar procesos de descolonizacion como factor de la emergencia, en esos casos, de movimientos de liberacion radicales, e incluso de poderosos partidos marxistas (como el mpla en Angola y el Vietminh en Vietnam).
When the French garrison at Dien Bien Phu fell to the Communist-led Vietminh on 7 May 1954, it marked the end of 90 years of French colonial rule in Indochina.