Lugano

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Lugano

(lo͞ogä`nō), city (1990 est. pop. 26,100), Ticino canton, S Switzerland, near the Italian border. A commercial center in the Middle Ages, Lugano is a popular resort noted for its scenery and climate. Aside from tourism, international banking is the city's major source of revenue. Machinery, textiles, tobacco products, and chocolate are made. It was taken from Milan by the Swiss cantons in 1512. Lugano is Italian in character. Notable buildings are the Romanesque Cathedral of San Lorenzo and the 15th-century Monastery of Santa Maria degli Angioli, with its frescoes by Bernardino Luini. Its art museum has a fine collection of European masters. The town, the largest in Ticino canton, is situated on the Lake of Lugano, Ital. Lago di Lugano (lä`gō dē) or Ceresio (chārā`zyō), narrow and irregular in shape (c.20 sq mi/50 sq km), which lies between Switzerland and Italy.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lugano

 

a city in southern Switzerland in the canton of Ticino, on Lake Lugano. Population, 22,700 (1970). It is a railroad junction. The city has textile, tobacco, and chocolate industries and is a tourist attraction.

Historically, the outward appearance of the city has been determined by the development of Italian architecture. Among the important architectural buildings are the Gothic-Romanesque church of San Lorenzo (13th century; Renaissance style facade), the church of Santa Maria degli Angeli (1499; frescoes, 1529, by B. Luini), baroque churches (17th and 18th centuries), and the town hall (1844), which is late classical. Buildings from the 20th century include the cantonal library (1940, architect R. Tami) and a radio studio building (1961, architects A. Camenzind and others). There is a fine arts museum in Lugano.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Lugano

a town in S Switzerland, on Lake Lugano: a financial centre and tourist resort. Pop.: 26 560 (2000)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005