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(vē`jəyənŭ`gər) [Sanskrit,=city of victory], ruined city, SE India. It was the capital (14th–16th cent.) of the Hindu Vijayanagar empire, which embraced all India S of the Kistna River and shielded S India from the Muslim kingdoms of the north. At its height during the reign (c.1510–c.1530) of Krishnadeva Raya, the empire had dealings with many Asian and European countries. The city of Vijayanagar, then some 60 mi (95 km) in circumference, flourished as a prosperous trade center and was noted for its artists, writers, and temples. After a crushing defeat of the Hindus at Talikota (1565) Muslim forces utterly demolished the city, and, except for a brief revival, the empire was destroyed.



a feudal state of the 14th to 17th centuries in southern India, south of the Krishna River. It was formed in 1336 as a result of the struggle of southern Indian Hindu feudal nobles against the Sultanate of Delhi. The most powerful ruler of the first (Sangama) dynasty was Devaraya II (reigned 1422-46), who subjugated all of southern India, carried out military campaigns against Ceylon and Burma, and inflicted several defeats on the Bahmani Sultanate. The greatest flowering of Vijayanagar was during the reign of Krishna Deva Raya (reigned 1509-29) of the third (Tuluva) dynasty.

Vijayanagar waged war continuously with the Bahmani state and later with the sultanates that had formed on the territory of the latter. These sultanates inflicted a powerful defeat on Vijayanagar in 1565, after which it began to decline. Toward the middle of the 17th century it disintegrated into a number of principalities. The Vijayanagar period marked the flowering of literature and art of the peoples of southern India.


Alaev, L. B. Iuzhnaia Indiia: Sotsial’no-ekonomicheskaia istoriia XIV-XVIH vekov. Moscow, 1964.
Sewell, R. A Forgotten Empire (Vijayanagar). London, 1924.
Mahalingam, T. V. Economic Life in the Vijayanagar Empire. [Madras] 1951.


References in periodicals archive ?
Srikrishna Devaraya, the king of Vijayanagara Empire, belonged to the Tuluva dynasty and ruled from 1509 AD - 1530 AD.
Van Berkel and Jeroen Duindam examine rulership and elite identity in Eurasian politics from Japan to Spain and from Muscovite Russia to the Vijayanagara empire before ca.
The popular belief is that Jigarthanda became famous when the city was ruled under Sultan/Nayaks of Vijayanagara Empire.
The president's reference to Tipu Sultan came after he noted the contributions of various historical figures of Karnataka, including Krishnadevaraya who was the emperor of the Vijayanagara empire from 1509 to 1529.
After taking in the nearby Unesco World Heritage site of sandstone temples at Pattadakal, it was to Hampi, the famed capital of the Hindu Vijayanagara Empire, that we headed.
Some of the sites that our history- loving travellers are flocking to are: HAMPI Hampi is a village located in the north of Karnataka, amongst the ruins of the former capital of the Vijayanagara empire. The town lies on the banks of the Tungabhadra river and is located atop a rugged terrain, 467m above sea level.
A great destination for adventure sports and family fun What: Magnificent ruins of the 15th century Vijayanagara Empire with awe-inspiring structures.
1550-1730) in early modern South India that followed the gradual disintegration of the Vijayanagara Empire. The wall paintings that are the book's focus first came to public attention in 1979, and their exceptional scale and state of preservation have since resulted in their brief illustration in most discussions of South Indian temple painting.
Hampi was the capital of the Vijayanagara empire from its rise in the mid-14th century to its tragic destruction in 1565.
The film is structured into four, long, distinctive vignettes, each one corresponding to Mettler's major pit stops: starting in his hometown Toronto, going through Monument Valley and Las Vegas in southwestern USA, stopping by Zurich and the Helvetian Glacier in Switzerland, and finally ending up in the Vijayanagara Empire and in Bombay in southern India.
He also accused the Karnataka government of not giving enough importance to Humpy, the capital city of Vijayanagara empire. "They (Karnataka government) have money to commemorate (Tipu) Sultan but they don't have money to remember the pride of Humpy," the Prime Minister said.
Believed to be in existence from around the 9th century, it was during Vijayanagara Empire (14th and 15th centuries) that it received contributions and became famous.