Pashutin, Viktor Vasil’evich
Born Jan. 16 (28), 1845, in Novocherkassk; died Jan. 20 (Feb. 2), 1901, in St. Petersburg. Russian scientist; one of the founders of the pathophysiologic school in Russia and of pathophysiology as an independent scientific discipline.
In 1868, Pashutin graduated from the St. Petersburg Medical and Surgical Academy, where he had been a student of I. M. Sechenov. From 1874 he was a professor in the department of general pathology at the University of Kazan, where he founded Russia’s first laboratory of experimental pathology. From 1879 he was a professor at the St. Petersburg Medical and Surgical Academy, and from 1890 he served as head of the St. Petersburg Military Medical Academy. Beginning in 1889, he also served as chairman of the medical council of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Pashutin’s principal works were on such problems as disturbances of metabolism and thermoregulation, oxygen starvation, and vitamin deficiency. He created an important scientific school, among whose adherents were A. V. Reprev and N. P. Kravkov.