Vilhjalmur Stefansson


Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Stefansson, Vilhjalmur

 

Born Nov. 3, 1879, in Gimli, Manitoba; died Aug. 26,1962, in Hanover, N.H. Canadian arctic explorer and ethnographer. Of Icelandic extraction.

From 1906 to 1912, Stefansson carried on biological and ethnographical research along the northwestern coast of North America, from Point Barrow to Coronation Gulf. From 1913 to 1918, while leading a Canadian arctic expedition, he investigated Banks Island and Prince Patrick Island. In 1915 he discovered Borden Island, actually a group of three islands situated northeast of Prince Patrick Island, and in 1916 he discovered Meighen Island (80° N lat.) and Lougheed Island (77° N tat.). An island off the northeastern coast of Victoria Island has been named for Stefansson.

WORKS

My Life With the Eskimo. New York, 1913.
Greenland. New York, 1943.
Arctic Manual. Washington, D. C, 1944.
Discovery: The Autobiography of Vilhjalmur Stefansson. New York, 1964.
In Russian translation:
Gostepriimnaia Arktika. Leningrad, 1935;2nded., Leningrad, 1948.

REFERENCES

Ol’khina, E. A. Vil’ialmur Stefanson. Moscow, 1970.
“Vilhjalmur Stefansson.” Polar Record, 1963, vol. 11, no. 73.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
With regards to what your metabolism does with what you eat, Vilhjalmur Stefansson is the best example.
(13) Transcribed in Vilhjalmur Stefansson, The Three Voyages of Martin Frobisher, 2 vols (London, 1938), 2.238-9.
Low (1903-04), Joseph-Elzear Bernier (1908), and Vilhjalmur Stefansson (1913-1918), as well as the first RCMP patrols to extend Canadian law into the newly-formed northern territories.
On 13 August 1937, the Soviet Embassy in Washington, D.C., announced that N-209 was overdue in Fairbanks, Alaska, and engaged Vilhjalmur Stefansson, president of the Explorers' Club in New York City, to coordinate U.S.
They also feature Vilhjalmur Stefansson's controversial projects on reindeer and muskox herding in the North, and his ill-conceived plan for the occupation of Wrangel Island (1921) and how these played out politically.
His luck ran out in 1913 when he joined the Karluk expedition to the Arctic led by Vilhjalmur Stefansson. Their vessel was stranded, crushed, and sunk by pack ice, Mackay and three other crew died of exposure while struggling across the ice.
It was promoted by William Osler in the United States in 1892 as the treatment for obesity [3] and by Vilhjalmur Stefansson who had lived on an exclusive fat/protein diet for more than a decade while living with the Inuit.
Prominent supporters of Birobidzhan included Albert Einstein, explorer Vilhjalmur Stefansson, the artists Marc Chagall and Molly Picon, many liberal Rabbis, US Vice-President Henry Wallace, and a number of US Senators.
One particular initiative began in 1913 when the Canadian Arctic Expedition was mounted under the lead of Vilhjalmur Stefansson and R.M.
Bones, a mixed breed sled dog accompanied Vilhjalmur Stefansson to Arctic ice and may have even forewarned them of danger, while beautiful Margie mushed for Father Bernard Hubbard and surprised his expedition with a litter of puppies.
A low-carbohydrate diet based exclusively on fatty meat was publicized after World War I by the Harvard anthropologist and Arctic explorer Vilhjalmur Stefansson, who had spent more than a decade eating nothing but meat (without carbohydrates, fruits, or vegetables) among the Inuit of northern Canada and Alaska.
Travelling Passions: The Hidden Life of Vilhjalmur Stefansson Gisli Palsson Translated by Keneva Kunz University of Manitoba Press 374 pages, hardcover ISBN 9780887551796