Viljandi


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Viljandi

(vĭl`yändē), Ger. Fellin, town (1994 pop. 22,669), S Estonia. Founded in 1283, Viljandi was an important medieval trade center and a member of the Hanseatic League. Walls of the castle of the grand master of the Livonian Knights remain standing.

Viljandi

 

a city, the center of Viljandi Raion, Estonian SSR. Situated on the shore of Lake Viljandi. Railroad station 163 km south of Tallinn. Population, 21,000 (1970).

The city has a dairy and timber combines and a shop of the Tallinn Excavating Plant. There is production of linen, matches, furniture, leather haberdashery, and canned foods (fruits and vegetables). The city also has a cultural-education school, a drama theater, and a museum of local lore. Viljandi is first mentioned in the chronicles for 1211 and was consolidated as a city in 1783. The ruins of a medieval castle have been preserved.

REFERENCE

Joost R., H. Moora, and U. Roozimaa. Vil’iandi: Priroda, istoriia i dostoprimechatel’nosti. Viljandi, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
The first state house opened its doors this spring in Viljandi. The next state houses will be completed in Rapla, Valga, Jgeva and Prnu in 2021 and 2022.
From Vilnius, vintage vehicles go via Panevezys and Pasvalys in Lithuania, and then via Riga, Cesis and Valmiera in Latvia and Viljandi and Turi in Estonia.
Nov 3 - Horror Dance Squad "Leap" album release concert in Viljandi - Viljandi Lennukitehas, Viljandi, Estonia
Open till September 17, Viljandi Art Festival "QQ", Viljandi County, Viljandi
aasta kevadel olid ristiusku astunud Sakala suurima, Viljandi linnuse seniores (34) NAaAaAeAnib, et 1212.
Building upon previous scholarship on the Soviet anti-kulak and agricultural collectivization campaigns in Estonia, begun after Soviet annexation and continued in earnest after the war-time interregnum of Nazi control, Koll (emerita, Baltic history, Sodertorn U., Sweden) here focuses her attention on how those policies affected local populations in Viljandi Country in south-central Estonia.
Among the nine medieval towns in the territory of the present-day Estonia, Viljandi was one of the four members of the Hanseatic League.
Renowned Estonian artist Paul Kondas spent almost his entire career painting strawberries in the famous Viljandi area of the country.
In the autumn, a two-day seminar of traditional music was held in Viljandi at the Estonian Traditional Music Centre.
In addition Stora Enso plans to restructure its joinery component business in Estonia by permanently closing down the Viljandi component mill and transferring the business to Imavere sawmill.
Here properties in towns such as Viljandi are just as popular as the beach resorts.
The draw, which will take place at half-time of Switzerland's Euro 2000 qualifying tie with Italy in Lausanne, pairs the Foxes against FK Bodo Glimt (Norway), MyPa (Finland), JK Tulevik Viljandi (Estonia), Orebro SK (Sweden) and SC Freiburg (Germany).