Villanovan culture(redirected from Villanovan)
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See D. Randall-MacIver, Villanovans and Early Etruscans (1924); H. J. Rose, Primitive Culture in Italy (1926, repr. 1971); L. Barfield, Northern Italy before Rome (1971).
an archaeological culture of the early Iron Age in northern Italy (900-500 B.C.).
The Villanovan culture was named for the settlement of Villanova, near Bologna, where in 1853-55 burials characteristic of the Villanovan culture were discovered; these were well-like tombs with crematoria. The urns for the ashes have the appearance of two truncated cones with geometric ornamentation. Four periods are distinguished in Villanovan culture, through which may be traced the gradual perfection in the technique of making bronze articles and the increased use of iron. The social structure of the tribes belonging to the Villanovan culture was characterized by a decay in tribal relations, considerable property differentiation, and the presence of patriarchal slavery. The question of the bearers of the Villanovan culture has not yet been finally resolved. It is supposed that they were Umbrians.
REFERENCESModestov, V. I. Vvedenie v rimskuiu istoriiu, part 1. St. Petersburg, 1902.
Randall-Maclver, D. Villanovans and Early Etruscans. Oxford, 1924.
Åberg, N. Bronzezeitliche und friiheisenzeitliche Chronologic, vols. 1-5. Stockholm, 193O-35.