Villard, Oswald Garrison

Villard, Oswald Garrison,

1872–1949, American editor and author, b. Wiesbaden, Germany, grad. Harvard (B.A., 1893; M.A., 1896). The son of Henry VillardVillard, Henry
, 1835–1900, American journalist and financier, b. Germany. His first name was originally Hilgard. He attended universities in Germany, and after he reached (1853) the United States he did newspaper reporting.
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 and the grandson, on his mother's side, of William Lloyd GarrisonGarrison, William Lloyd,
1805–79, American abolitionist, b. Newburyport, Mass. He supplemented his limited schooling with newspaper work and in 1829 went to Baltimore to aid Benjamin Lundy in publishing the Genius of Universal Emancipation.
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, he was a lifelong liberal and a pacifist. In 1897 he became an editorial writer on the New York Evening Post and after inheriting the paper from his father was its editor until he sold it in 1918. He retained its weekly edition, the Nation, and as its editor made it a leading liberal journal; he sold it in 1932, remaining as publisher and contributor until 1935, but finally severed all connections when the Nation became nonpacifist in 1940. His writings include John Brown: A Biography Fifty Years After (1910), Newspapers and Newspaper Men (1923), and an autobiography, The Fighting Years (1939).
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Villard, Oswald Garrison

(1872–1949) journalist; born in Wiesbaden, Germany. In 1900 he became owner and editor of the New York Post, inherited from his father, Henry Villard; his pacifist positions later adversely affected circulation and he sold the paper in 1918, but retained the Nation, which he edited until 1932.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.