Villon, Jacques

Villon, Jacques,

1875–1963, French painter, brother of Marcel DuchampDuchamp, Marcel
, 1887–1968, French painter, brother of Raymond Duchamp-Villon and half-brother of Jacques Villon. Duchamp is noted for his cubist-futurist painting Nude Descending a Staircase,
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 and Raymond Duchamp-VillonDuchamp-Villon, Raymond
, 1876–1918, French sculptor; brother of the artists Marcel Duchamp and Jacques Villon. From the tradition of Rodin he turned to cubism in 1912. He began to assemble machinelike forms with more than a touch of fantasy.
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. Villon became an exponent of cubismcubism,
art movement, primarily in painting, originating in Paris c.1907. Cubist Theory

Cubism began as an intellectual revolt against the artistic expression of previous eras.
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 in 1911 and is best known for his refinement of the cubist style. His works are noted for their free use of color and carefully structured composition (e.g., Portrait of the Artist's Father, 1924; Guggenheim Mus.).
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