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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Vimba vimba), a fish of the family Cyprinidae of the order Cypriniformes. Vimbas are closely related to European breams. They inhabit the basins of the North, Black, Baltic, and Caspian seas and the Sea of Azov. The fish are migratory or semimigratory.

There are three subspecies in the USSR. The Baltic vimba reaches 50 cm in length and 3 kg in weight and is found in the Baltic Sea basin. The Black Sea vimba (Vimba vimba vimba, n. carinata), which reaches a length of 40 cm and a weight of 0.8 kg, inhabits the basins of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. The Caspian vimba (Vimba vimba persa) is found in the Caspian Sea basin; it measures up to 27 cm long and weighs as much as 360 g.

Vimbas winter in rivers. They spawn from April to June. The fish reach sexual maturity between the ages of three to five years. Before spawning the males become brighter in coloration, and a pearly rash appears on the head and body. The fecundity of vimbas reaches 115,000 eggs. Spawning is intermittent.

Vimbas feed on benthic invertebrates. The fish are eaten in salted, dried, or smoked form. Spawning grounds have been created in order to maintain reserves of migratory vimbas. The roe are incubated at fish hatcheries.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bones of the cyprinids were the second most numerous group among the bones analysed, and most were identified as those of bream, slightly fewer of tench, and several bones of ide, common carp, vimba and asp (see Table 1, Fig.
Mortality ratio and stock analysis of Vimba (Vimba vimba tenella (Nordmann,1840)) population in Karacaoren I Dam Lake (Burdur-Turkey).
The influence of temperature on the embryonic development of three cyprinid fishes, Abramis brama, Chal-calburnus chalcoides mento and Vimba vimba.
rutilus, Vimba vimba (L., 1758), Tinca tinca (L., 1758) gibi tatlisu turlerinin yani sira, N.
The most important commercial bony fish of the Caspian Sea are Rutilus frisii kutum (Caspian kutum), Liza aurata (Golden grey mullet), Liza saliens (Leaping grey mullet), Sander lucioperca (Pikeperch), Cyprinus carpio (European carp), Rutilus rutilus (Roach), species of genus Alosa (Caspian shads), Abramis brama (bream), Chalcalburnus chalcoides (Caspian shamaya) and Vimba vimba (Caspian vimba).
Harsh circumstances force a resourceful and determined Latvian lass to mature beyond her years in 'Mellow Mud" a compelling, bittersweet coming-of-ager from first-time feature helmer-writer Renars Vimba. This evocatively shot realist tale benefits from a spare yet credible script and a knockout performance from big-screen debutant Elina Vaska, who conveys her character's feelings of anger, abandonment, responsibility and first love with conviction and authenticity.
Vimba, which is a dace-like fish with a flattened nose, was the main target species in most areas.
During that period (1990-3), Lubumbashi residents learned to eat animal fodder, locally called vimba.
Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.), sea trout (Salmo trutta L.), Baltic vimba (Vimba vimba L.) and European eel (Anguilla anguilla L.) (Backiel, Bontemps 1996; Cowx, Welcomme 1998; Lucas Baras 2001; Northcote 1998).
"I think the most important benefits are that the new infrastructure will support future requirements for voice and data connectivity," said Heather Vimba, project leader for PM DCASS, "and make life easier for the people who operate and maintain the network." She added that by providing transmission connectivity from the user to the dial central office/main communications node, the 13MP infrastructure allows warfighting commanders deployed in split-base operations to tap into command-and-control and sustaining-base information systems back in the United States--an important consideration as world events heat up.
on Vimba vimba, Koyun and Altunel (2007) demonstrated at Enne Dam Lake Contracaecum sp.