Vincent of Beauvais


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Vincent of Beauvais

(bōvā`), c.1190–c.1264, French Dominican friar. He was the author of three of the four parts of the Speculum majus, of great value as a summary of the knowledge of his time. The part entitled "Morals" is of unknown authorship, but is not by him. The three parts written by him are entitled "Nature," "Instruction," and "History." In "Nature," the order followed is that of the six days of creation described in Genesis. "Instruction" ranges from the liberal arts to the mechanical arts. The "History" epitomizes the story of man since Adam as it was understood by 13th-century scholars.

Bibliography

See A. Gabriel, The Educational Ideas of Vincent of Beauvais (2d ed. 1962).

References in periodicals archive ?
He begins by differentiating Neckam's attitudes and expectations from those of modern encyclopaedists such as Denis Diderot (Introduction), and later contrasts Neckam's style to thirteenth-century encyclopaedists Vincent of Beauvais and Bartholomaeus Anglicus (Chapter 6).
Encyclopedic Writing of the Scholastic Age: Vincent of Beauvais, Ramon Llull, Jean de Meun.
(9) The Miroir historial is a French translation, undertaken by Jean de Vignay at the request of Joan of Burgundy, of the Speculum historiale--a massive work written during the 13th century by Vincent of Beauvais, a Dominican monk who enjoyed the support of Louis IX.
Chapter 6 opens with paragraphs dedicated to what are called the three most important medieval encyclopedias, composed by members of the new mendicant orders: De proprietatibus rerum by the Franciscan friar Bartolomeo Anglico (often referred to in previous studies by his Latin name), the Dominican theologian Thomas of Cantimpre's De natura rerum--designed to be "la summa delle summe" (56)--and the Speculum maius by Vincent of Beauvais (called here Vincenzo, but known also as Vincentius Bellovacensis or Burgundus).
And what applies to Essay XIII applies also to Essays VII and XII, where an informative account of the descent of Vitruvian ideas into the later Middle Ages (prominent here as intermediaries are Vincent of Beauvais and Hugh of St Victor) culminates in a fresh set of proposals for the geometrical enigma with which the Paradiso concludes--how, precisely, our likeness might be said to take its place within the circle of the Son as an object of contemplation.
To begin, one must consider whether Alfonso X drew these miracles directly from the Latin text of Hugo Farsitus or received them indirectly from the works of another thirteenth-century compiler, such as Vincent of Beauvais; (28) Gautier de Coinci; or Juan Gil de Zamora.
The encyclopedists (Bartholomew, Vincent of Beauvais, etc.), travelers (Marco Polo), and missions by mendicant monks had a world-view of populations.
Next Allen turns to women's education in philosophy during 1200-1450, including, inter alia, the writings and practice of Vincent of Beauvais, Francesco Barberino, Guarino of Verona, and Vittorino of Feltre.
In regard to the life of Aristotle in particular, comparisons can be drawn with Vincent of Beauvais, 4:113-15 (Speculum historiale, Book III, chapters 82-88).
Bersuire interprets lead's light color in bono as the virtuous product of a transformed sinner (11.112), and Vincent of Beauvais writes that lead is really nothing other than gold into which a noxious impurity has entered (7.42).
He made use of Roman literature like Pliny's Natural History as well as medieval compendia such as those of Isidore of Seville and Vincent of Beauvais.