Vincenzo Russo

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Russo, Vincenzo


Born June 16, 1770, in Palma Campania; died Nov. 19, 1799, in Naples. Italian thinker and revolutionary, representative of the radical wing of the Neapolitan Enlightenment of the late 18th century. Jurist.

Russo’s democratic and egalitarian doctrine envisioned an ideal society in the form of a republic where each citizen would own and cultivate a plot of land and where government officials would not draw salaries. There was to be no church in this republic. Russo felt that material inequality could be eliminated by abolishing the right of inheritance. His utopia was to be primitive in character, for he opposed the development of industry, trade, and the arts.

Russo was active in the patriotic movement of the Kingdom of Naples and in revolutionary clubs. Sentenced to prison in 1797, he fled Naples, returning after the overthrow of the Bourbons in 1799. He was one of the most prominent figures in the Parthenopean Republic and was a member of the legislative commission. After the fall of the republic he was executed.


Pensieri polit ici. Rome, 1798.


De Ruggiero, G. Il pensiero politico meridionale. Bari, 1922.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Degani, of Portsmouth, said he was Vincenzo Russo, born in Italy.
Vincenzo Russo, Anna Rago, Antonello D'Andrea, Luisa Politano *, Gerardo Nigro
Address for Correspondence/Yazisma Adresi: Vincenzo Russo, MD Second University of Naples, Chair of Cardiology, Naples-Italya Phone:0039 0817062355 E-mail: