Also found in: Acronyms, Wikipedia.



(also vera), in ancient Rus’ a monetary fine to be paid to the prince for the crime of murdering a freeman.

The origin of the term vira is in dispute. In accordance with Russkaia Pravda (the law code of Rus’), 40 grivny (an old monetary unit) were to be paid for murdering an ordinary freeman, and 80 was the fine for murdering a representative of the prince’s administration (an ognishchanin [household manager] or tiun [steward]). A half-vira (2Q grivny) was imposed for inflicting serious personal injuries and (in accordance with the Expanded Code) for killing an unfaithful wife. When the murderer was unknown, the obshchina-verv’, (peasant commune) in which the victim was found paid a special, “extraordinary” vira. This custom was widespread as late as the 16th century.


Geiman, V. G. “Pravo i sud.” In Istoriia kul’tury Drevnei Rusi, vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1951.
Drevnerusskoe gosudarstvo i ego mezhdunarodnoe znachenie. Moscow, 1965.
Zimin, A. A. “Feodal’naia gosudarstvennost’ i Russkaia Pravda.” In the collection Istoricheskie zapiski, vol. 76. Moscow, 1965.


References in periodicals archive ?
Vira is working closely with Richard Hurwitz, the CEO of Tungsten Corporation, to develop a radical plan that will shape his strategy for the business.
Paul Brown, Larissa Bezo et Vira Nanivska decrivent le processus et les resultats d'un projet d'etude ou d'assistance technique de I'ACDI cherchant a accroitre la capacite d'elaboration des politiques du gouvernement de l'Ukraine.
The company has completed an additional 10,297m of exploration and infill diamond drill holes at Vira Saia, a potential satellite deposit for the primary Paiol deposit.
Suncanihvar also runs 'the only four-star campsite in Dalmatia', at Camp Vira.
SHIPS SAILED Vira Bhum Cont Fair Express Tanker Violetta Cont Daffodil Cont SHIPS BERTHED Daffodil Cont Nizar-M Bulk MT Karachi Tanker Alpine Alaska Tanker President Adams Cont Northern Valour Cont YM Asia Cont EXPECTED SAILING Northern Valour 17-08-11 President Adams 17-08-11 MT Karachi 18-08-11 Alpine Alaska 18-08-11 EXPECTED ARRIVAL Hyundai General 17-08-11 Cont HS Challenger 17-08-11 Cont CAP Gabriel 17-08-11 Cont Safina 2 17-08-11 Flours L/7000 Rice L/7000 Argent Iris 17-08-11 Ethanol L/2000 Gem of Dahej 18-08-11 Naphtha L/4000 Green Field 1 18-08-11 DAP D/32350 Yang Hai 18-08-11 Coal D/39411
a cura di), Il Ius divinum nella Vira della Chiesa.
ACTION Jockeys take mounts over a fence at the sun-drenched track SMILES Harriet and Laura EXCITED Ashlee, Priscilla, Jo, Caroline and Kelly raise a glass WINNERS Vira Ovcharuk, left, and Jacob Kipkorir Cheshire STYLE QUEENS Pals Lisa Millar, Joyce Craig, Audrey Mitchell and Claire Hart FAVOURITES Edel Doran, Sinead Mullholland and Louise McAleese GREAT VIEW Crowds watch some of the 20,000 runners DEDICATED Thousands of runners set offon marathon in Belfast city centre yesterday
PRABHAT VIRA is head of global transaction services Americas, Citizens Financial Group Inc.
la scia che lasciammo nell'attimo sospeso in cui si vira solo per
He has been attending folk festival of Pakistan, popularly known as Lok Mela organized by Lok Vira annually, since long and won recognition of his talent.