Virgin Lands

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Virgin Lands


unplowed lands covered by natural vegetation. Compared to old plowed lands, the soils of virgin lands contain more humus, nitrogen, and other plant nutrients in the root zone. They also have a better texture and greater compactness. There are fewer weed seeds and a lower level of vital activity by microorganisms. The soils have a distinctive water regime: in arid regions they dry out more, but in moist regions they have a high water content.

There are four primary types of virgin lands in the USSR. Steppe virgin lands have chernozem and chestnut soils. In the European USSR they are almost exclusively in preserves (Aska-niia-Nova in Kherson Oblast and Kamennaia Step’ in Voronezh Oblast). Steppe virgin lands in Soviet Asia (northern, western, and northeastern Kazakhstan, Siberia, and the Trans-Ural region) are almost completely developed.

The virgin lands of the southern steppes and semideserts are confined to the extremely arid regions with light chestnut, brown semidesert, and gray soils (central and southern Kazakhstan, Middle Asia, Azerbaijan). Development of the virgin lands in these regions involves irrigation and special measures to improve salinized soils.

Floodplain virgin lands are widespread in the nonchernozem zone; they are less common in other natural zones. For development, they require drainage and soil cultivation.

The virgin lands of the marshes of the nonchernozem zone of the European USSR, Siberia, the Far East, and Transcaucasia (Colchis) also need preliminary drainage and cultivation.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
Half-drawn up upon the beach lay an equal number of Spanish galleons, unmanned, for the country was still a virgin land behind a veil.
For example, this year marks the 70th anniversary of the Ulaanbaatar Railway interstate joint venture, while the development of Mongolia's virgin lands began with Soviet assistance 60 years ago.
For many years, NGOs defending the environment and the territorial rights of indigenous people have criticized the agriculture industry and major land owners for constantly trying to expand into virgin lands, including those protected by law.
Unlike big dams for which foreign loans are required, the Rs9bn could best be invested in the province to bring virgin lands under plough and boost output of fruits and meat for exports.
In addition to the exposure to a variety of new attitudes and literary themes, many individuals broadened their horizons, traveling to take part in the Soviet grand-construction projects, such as the Virgin Lands campaign, or a few privileged people who, like Khrushchev himself, traveled abroad.
Director Boutte said, 'It has been my maiden visit to Oman and me and my team were pleasantly surprised by the virgin lands of the country.
However, in recent times, sand digging for commercial purposes have been carried out in places like Ikorodu-Itoikin; Ketu_Ejirin-Temu axis in Epe, Ijebu-Ode Epe road axis; Ibeju-Sangotedo along the Lekki axis and Ita-oluwo-Ishawo in ikorou en route Lagos-Ibadan expressway, where virgin lands are available.
The prime minister expressed satisfaction over the project and said the entire demography of Dera Bugti and other regions of Balochistan would change for good once the virgin lands to be irrigated.
Here's our top five:Discover virgin lands: Venice's gondolas, Kerala's backwaters, the Mediterranean cruises, and thrills of Thailand -- everyone has heard of them, many have experienced them.
The influential landlords', politicians' and timber mafias' greed for virgin lands and cheap wood has destroyed forests.
It has provided local farmers with hybrid seeds to be planted on virgin lands, implemented irrigation systems to optimise the consumption of water, and has set up collection centres to assist the farmers in the harvest season.

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