frontier

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frontier,

in U.S. history, the border area of settlement of Europeans and their descendants; it was vital in the conquest of the land between the Atlantic and the Pacific. The importance of the westward movement of the population and the lure of the frontier were clear even to colonial writers and early U.S. historians, but the theory that the frontier was a governing factor (if not the governing factor) in developing a distinctive U.S. civilization was not formulated until 1893, when Frederick Jackson TurnerTurner, Frederick Jackson,
1861–1932, American historian, b. Portage, Wis. He taught at the Univ. of Wisconsin from 1885 to 1910 except for a year spent in graduate study at Johns Hopkins.
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 presented his thesis.

Basically, Turner held that American democracy was shaped by the frontier, namely by the contest of the settler with the wilderness of the frontier. There the settler learned self-reliance, judged others by their abilities, strove to improve his or her lot, and grew distrustful of external authority and formal institutions. In short, the frontier molded an American national character that was individualistic and egalitarian. Turner's work stimulated a tremendous amount of research and writing on the history and meaning of the frontier.

There is no question that the process of peopling the West is a central theme in U.S. history, although not, perhaps, for the reasons Turner suggested. The cultivation of frontier lands provided food for the growing number of workers in Eastern cities; its mineral wealth and other natural resources aided industrialization; and the need to keep the East and West united led to a complex and efficient national system of transportation and communication. At the same time, the existence of barely settled lands helped preserve a rural tinge to America well into the 20th cent. Many studies have been devoted to the fur trade frontier, the mining frontier, the grazing frontier, and other types of frontier, but emphasis has been to a large extent on the solid achievements of the farming frontier and on the central United States.

Bibliography

See F. J. Turner, The Frontier in American History (1920); F. L. Paxson, History of the American Frontier (1924); W. P. Webb, The Great Plains (1931) and The Great Frontier (1952); R. A. Billington and J. B. Hedges, Westward Expansion (1949); H. N. Smith, Virgin Land (1950); L. B. Wright, Culture on the Moving Frontier (1955); R. A. Bartlett, Great Surveys of the American West (1980); R. V. Hine, Community on the American Frontier (1985); P. M. Nelson, After the West Was Won (1989).

frontier

[frən′tir əv ə ′set]
(mathematics)
For a set in a topological space, all points in the closure of the set but not in its interior. Also known as boundary.

Frontier

Boone, Daniel
(1734–1820) American frontiersman in coonskin cap. [Am. Hist.: Hart, 90]
Bowie, Jim
(1799–1836) frontiersman and U.S. soldier; developed large hunting knife named after him. [Am. Hist.: Payton, 95]
Bumppo, Natty
also known as Leatherstocking, a tough back-woodsman. [Am. Lit.: Deerslayer; Pathfinder]
California Joe
(Moses Embree Milner, 1829–1876) frontiersman and scout. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 424]
Virginian, The
up-and-coming cowpuncher defends his honor, espouses justice, and gains responsibility and a bride. [Am. Lit.: The Virginian in Magill I, 1072]

frontier

a. the region of a country bordering on another or a line, barrier, etc., marking such a boundary
b. (as modifier): a frontier post
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'While the amendment does exclude land being used under customary tenure from being classified as VFV, the law provides no definition of customary land or any procedure by which communities can register their land as customary,' wrote Namati, a movement of grass roots legal advocates worldwide group, in its report 'Most Farmers Do Not Know about the Vacant, Fallow and Virgin Land Management Law as the Grace Period to Register Closes'.
Kandima was virgin land until its development started four years ago.
THARPARKAR -- Food insecurity issue of Tharparkar could be tacked by mobilizing local resources, Thar is not a barren but virgin land which can be utilized for growing high value crops and fruit trees, speakers said during date palm trees plantation campaign kick-off event organized here nearby Chachro, Tharparkar.
Dilating upon the effort s made by Wapda to meet the increasing requirements of water and electricity, the chairman said that his organisation completed four mega projects from August 2017 onwards to irrigate 72, 000 acres of virgin land in Dera Bugti, Balochistan and add 2487MW of hydel electricity to the national grid.
Dilating upon the efforts made by WAPDA to meet the increasing requirements of water and electricity, the Chairman said that WAPDA completed four mega projects from August last year onwards to irrigate 72, 000 acres of virgin land in Dera Bugti, Balochistan and added 2487 MW of hydel electricity to the National Grid.
In his briefing, Wapda chairman said the authority had completed four mega projects from August 2017 onwards to irrigate 72,000 acres of 'virgin land' in Dera Bugti, Balochistan and to add 2,487MW of hydel electricity to the national grid.
Dilating upon the efforts made by WAPDA to meet the increasing requirements of water and electricity, the chairman said that WAPDA completed four mega projects from August 2017 onwards to irrigate 72, 000 acres of virgin land in Dera Bugti, Balochistan and add 2487 MW of hydel electricity to the national grid.
The prairie, a 6-acre strip of virgin land that runs parallel to the Illinois Prairie Path from Spring Road to Salt Creek, is owned by Elmhurst Park District.
"You will use Sh5,000 to hire a tractor for ploughing and Sh7,000 for virgin land, then pay a similar amount for furrows, hire casuals to plant at S,000 and then there is weeding, pest and disease control, fertiliser and others.
This is clear in the case of the pioneer and virgin land."
Apparently, Rosario's family owns a big tract of virgin land in Lemery so Greg offered to build 100 homes in her property for the homeless victims.
However, the council seems less concerned about the aesthetic future of Formby itself, currently considering a rash of house-building proposals which would bulldoze virgin land and put resources, from drainage to provision of doctors, under unbearable strain.

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