Virginius affair

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Virginius affair,

1873, incident that came near to causing war between the United States and Spain. The Virginius, a filibustering ship, was fraudulently flying the American flag and carrying arms to the Cubans in the Ten Years WarTen Years War,
1868–78, struggle for Cuban independence from Spain. Discontent was caused in Cuba by excessive taxation, trade restrictions, and virtual exclusion of native Cubans from governmental posts.
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. It was captured by the Spanish off Cuba, Oct. 31, 1873. The captain, Joseph Fry, and 52 of the crew and passengers—among them several Americans—were executed. More would have been killed but for the intervention of the British ship, Niobe. After the incident, negotiations were undertaken by Daniel Edgar Sickles, U.S. minister to Spain, whose intemperate attitude worsened the situation. However, Secretary of State Hamilton FishFish, Hamilton,
1808–93, American statesman, b. New York City, grad. Columbia, 1827; son of Nicholas Fish (1758–1833). He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1830.
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 (1808–93) took negotiations out of Sickles's hands and a settlement was reached. Spain paid the United States an indemnity of $80,000.
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References in periodicals archive ?
diplomacy in the nineteenth century, but many readers will not be familiar with the details of U.S.-Mexican diplomacy before the Mexican-American War or the Virginius Affair. In the absence of sufficient explanations of the historical context, Owen's discussions of each crisis often become somewhat mechanistic enumerations of quotations.