Embodied water

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Embodied water

The amount of water required to manufacture products, including the extracting the raw materials, transporting those materials, and processing them into the final product.
References in periodicals archive ?
The observatory concludes that "such a liberalisation would be a threat to Tunisia's local water sovereignty," because "a potential liberalisation of the Tunisian agriculture sector would further limit the government's authority and ability to accurately assess and govern its virtual water patterns and footprints in the shadow of intra-sector competition over an already scarce volume of water.
To conceptualize the ways in which the physical consequences of deforestation and land conversion affect actual water flows and allocation, the use of the concept of virtual water has been devised; the notion of virtual water is a major analytical tool used to contribute to the book's argument of how the Yellow River is globally connected to water scarcity.
Incorporating the Water Footprint and Virtual Water into Policy: Reflections from the Mancha Occidental Region, Spain.
Sandwiched by two rivers, the village is a virtual water world, with floodwater from the Agusan River and tributary, Gibong (pronounced as Hibong), inundating the farming community under over a hundred feet of water several months a year.
The aim of this study, therefore, was to verify the occurrence of spontaneous recovery of human spatial memory using a discrimination reversal learning in a virtual water maze task, assessing both preference for platform position-area and the choice of the first quadrant of the maze.
Each person consumes between 2,000--5,000 litres of virtual water (also known as embedded water) in their food, every day (2)--or between 730,000--1,825,000 litres annually.
A half day conference will be held on this theme on the first day of the trade fair, where a former president of International Academy of Food Science and Technology will speak on the topic of Virtual water and the water footprint of food production and processing.
Other interesting discussion areas in the book surround: how new concepts such as embedded water and virtual water are forcing companies to think differently about how they use water to manufacture products; how companies need to manage water as a key business issue in order to capture the real value of water; and how companies can develop partnerships with non-governmental organisations to effectively implement water strategies.
The terms are water scarcity, water governance, water security, water productivity, virtual water and water footprints, and green and blue water.
Countries such as the USA, Brazil, Argentina, Australia, India and China are big virtual water exporters, which means that they intensively use domestic water resources for producing export commodities," writes Arjen Y.
The virtual water used to produce a tonne of exported beef is forever removed from the watershed.
The virtual water flow meter uses a control valve as a measurement device.