Visby


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Visby

(vēs`bə) or

Wisby

(wĭz`bē), city (1990 pop. 20,990), capital of Gotland co., SE Sweden, on Gotland Island and on the Baltic Sea. It is an industrial center and a popular resort and has a modern ice-free port. Manufactures include cement and refined sugar. The city is a Lutheran episcopal see. Visby was a pagan religious center. In the 11th cent. it became a prominent international trade center of the Hanseatic LeagueHanseatic League
, mercantile league of medieval German towns. It was amorphous in character; its origin cannot be dated exactly. Originally a Hansa was a company of merchants trading with foreign lands.
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. An independent republic, the city was the commercial center of N Europe, minting its own coins and developing an influential international maritime code. The ruins of 10 fine churches and the restored Cathedral of St. Mary, all from the 12th and 13th cent., testify to its former greatness. Visby's decline began in 1280, when Sweden conquered Gotland while the city was suffering civil strife. It was sacked (1361) and captured (1362) by the Danes, who returned (1370) it to the Hanseatic League. Pirates made it their stronghold for the next two centuries, and its trade was taken over by Lübeck. Visby passed to Denmark in 1570, and again came under Sweden in 1645. The city only began to recover its trade in the 19th cent.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Visby

 

main city of the island and fief of Gotland in Sweden. Port. Population, 17,400 (1966). In the Middle Ages (particularly from the 11th through the 13th centuries) Visby was an important trading center—the main intermediary in the trade Western countries’ trade with the southeastern Baltic region until the rise of Lu’beck. Intermediary trade remained in the hands of a German mercantile colony founded in Visby. (The city’s dependence on Sweden was nominal.) With the rise of Liibeck, Visby remained an important center for Hanseatic trade with Novgorod. In 1361 the city was seized by the forces of the Danish king Waldemar IV Atterdag; it was returned to Sweden by the Treaty of Bromsebro in 1645. Medieval churches and a mighty city wall with 44 towers built during the 12th to 14th centuries have been preserved in Visby.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Visby

a port in SE Sweden, on NW Gotland Island in the Baltic: an early member of the Hanseatic League and major N European commercial centre in the Middle Ages. Pop.: 22 017 (2000 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Almost simultaneously in the two towns of Harnosand and Visby, new libraries were established combining the services of the local public library with those of the local university college library.
The Lower Visby marlstones, Upper Visby argillaceous limestones with marlstone intercalations, and the Hogklint crinoidal (pelmatozoan) grainstones with reef-bodies are exposed in the Ireviken 3 section (Fig.
ON JUNE 8, HIS MAJESTY King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden christened the latest addition to his country's navy, the Visby corvette.
Stay at the 13th century Hotel Strand in central Visby, where seven nights' B&B is from pounds 1,385 pp (two sharing), including flights (Heathrow) and car hire.
The first Visby-class stealth corvette HMS Visby (K31) was handed over to the Royal Swedish Navy (RSN) in June at a formal ceremony held on the ship's helipad.
With representatives of the candidate countries invited to attend, the seminar of the situation of artists in Europe to be staged by the Presidency in Visby from 30 March to 1 April, will provide an ideal opportunity to sound out the accession candidates' views on this issue.
Skyways operates routes between Arlanda and Arvidsjaur, Borlange, Gallivare, Halmstad, Kramfors, Linkoping, Orebro, Trollhattan, Visby, Vilhelmina as well as regional routes in the Norrland region and the Sundsvall-Gothenburg route.
The Swedish Tax Agency has IT departments with around 750 employees at sites in Solna, UmeEaAN, Gothenburg, VEaAnsterEaANs, EaAustersund and Visby.
This site is near the historic city of Visby. The deal Camping pitches from just EUR6pp a night.
Peab AB (STO:PEABB) announced today the signing of an agreement with Vasallen to acquire a large property portfolio with properties in Boras, Karlskrona, Sodertalje and Visby.
The new routes are to Lyon, in France, to Lithuania's capital Vilnius, to Bardufoss, in Norway and to Visby, on the island of Gotland.
A composite hull, reduced profile, and quiet engines make the Visby stealth corvette virtually undetectable at 13 kilometers in rough seas, and 22 km in calm seas.