The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a family of German bronze and brass founders who worked in Nuremberg in the 15th and 16th centuries.

The Vischer workshop was founded in 1453 by Hermann Vischer the Elder (died 1488). It was expanded and made the largest in Germany by his son Peter Vischer the Elder (born c. 1460; died Jan. 7, 1529). During their lifetimes the workshop mainly produced gravestones, sarcophagi, church chandeliers, and fonts. Peter Vischer the Elder executed statues of kings Arthur and Theodoric for the cenotaph of Emperor Maximilian I (1513) in the Hofkirche at Innsbruck. Models for the Vischer castings were carved from wood by sculptors.

The sons of Peter Vischer the Elder were Hermann Vischer the Younger (born c. 1486; died Dec. 31, 1516), Peter Vischer the Younger (1487–1528), and Hans Vischer (c. 1489–1550). They entered the workshop circa 1514, working as sculptors and founders. Hermann Vischer the Younger and Peter Vischer the Younger visited Italy and later became closely associated with the Nuremberg humanists. They helped spread the artistic principles of the Renaissance in the German plastic arts.

The works of Peter Vischer the Younger are noted for their harmonious clarity and exquisite proportion; they include almost all the figures ornamenting the bronze shrine of St. Sebaldus (1508–19) in the Sebalduskirche, Nuremberg, as well as numerous statuettes, medals, and plaques. Peter Vischer the Younger introduced into Germany Italian techniques of casting from wax molds. After Hans Vischer left Nuremberg in 1549, the workshop declined rapidly.


Meller, S. Peter Vischer der Ältere und seine Werkstatt. Leipzig, 1925.
Stafski, H. Der Jüngere Peter Vischer. Nuremberg, 1962.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
VeggieTale creators Phil Vischer and Mike Nawrocki, who provide most of the character voices, share directorial and screenwriting chores on "Jonah," a fanciful retelling of the biblical story about the reluctant prophet who's briefly trapped inside a big fish.
Braungart goes on to provide an overview of physiognomic theories in the nineteenth century (Lavater, Carus, Theodor Piderit) and the twentieth (Klages, Plessner), before surveying the pre-psychoanalytic work of Robert Vischer, K.
In a letter written to his colleague Lukas Vischer after having resigned from his position in the WCC, he presents an outline of this project under the title ,,The conscience of mankind?
It was apparent in that sound, now threatened with obsolescence, that Tacita Dean's retrospective (organized by Theodora Vischer) was called "Analogue" for both polemical and nostalgic reasons.
O'Gara insisted that "[t]he goal of ecumenical dialogue is the restoration of full, visible communion of the one Church of Christ for the sake of its mission." (8) Lukas Vischer also agreed as follows: "Reception is not just an opportunity for information.
Compiled and edited by Jean-Jacques Bauswein and Lukas Vischer. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1999.
editors Jean-Jacques Bauswein and Lukas Vischer. Grand Rapids, MI, Eerdmans, 1999; 740 pages.
(3) In his introduction to that session, Lukas Vischer noted how the ecumenical movement had avoided a discussion on catholicity because of its polemical history, but stated that the time had come to begin to examine it ecumenically: Are not all churches, by the growth and progress of the ecumenical movement, brought under the necessity of asking afresh and in new ways what we mean when we all confess that the Church, the people called by God in Christ, Christ's own body, is catholic?
The simultaneous publication of a catalogue raisonne, edited by Vischer, the Schaulager's director, with texts by her and art historian Jean-Francois Chevrier, completes this panoramic view of the artist.
259-288; and Lukas Vischer, "The Legacy of Kyrill Loukaris: A Contribution to the Orthodox-Reformed Dialogue," Mid-Stream 25 (April 1986): 165-183.
(25) The Symposium builds on previous meetings held at the John Knox Centre in Geneva, under the leadership of Lukas Vischer. In 2004, a Consultation on Creation Theology organized by the European Christian Environmental Network (ECEN) looked at the biblical, theological and ethical approaches from various Christian denominations.
The present exhibition, the first major event at the brand-new Schaulager--Oeri's most ambitious initiative, which addresses issues of storage and research in addition to exhibitions--represents a substantial attempt to cement his reputation: "Roth Zeit" (Roth time), organized by the Schaulager's director, Theodora Vischer, is a massive retrospective, displaying some five hundred items from five decades--books and book-related objects, works on paper, design objects (such as rings), postcards, paintings and pictures in the widest senses, multiples, films, records and other audio works, sculptures, and a number of very, very large installations.