Visconti-Venosta, Emilio, marchese di

Visconti-Venosta, Emilio, marchese di

(āmē`lyō märkā`zā dē vēskôn`tē-vānô`stä), 1829–1914, Italian patriot and statesman. At first a follower of Giuseppe MazziniMazzini, Giuseppe
, 1805–72, Italian patriot and revolutionist, an outstanding figure of the Risorgimento. His youth was spent in literary and philosophical studies. He early joined the Carbonari, was imprisoned briefly, and went into exile.
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, he broke with him after the unsuccessful revolution of 1853 in Milan and became a supporter of Camillo Benso di CavourCavour, Camillo Benso, conte di
, 1810–61, Italian statesman, premier (1852–59, 1860–61) of the Kingdom of Sardinia. The active force behind King Victor Emmanuel II, he was responsible more than any other man for the unification of Italy under the house of
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. He held the foreign ministry several times in rightist cabinets between 1863 and 1901 and was especialy noteworthy for promoting friendly relations with France between 1896 and 1901, as well as while serving as Italy's representative to the Algeciras Conference (1906).
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