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(Old World mistletoe), a genus of hemiparasitic shrubs of the family Loranthaceae. Mistletoe grows on the branches of trees and may be monoecious or dioecious. The opposite or whorled leaves are sessile, entire, and leathery. The small, unisexual flowers are greenish, yellow, or whitish. They are in clusters of three in the axils of the leaves or, less commonly, are solitary. The fruit usually is a single-seeded berry; it is white, yellow, orange, or red. The seeds are naked and have sticky flesh.

There are approximately 70 species of mistletoe, distributed primarily in the tropics and subtropics of Africa. A few species are encountered in tropical Asia, northern Australia, and Eurasia. Two species grow in the USSR: the true mistletoe, V. album, is found in the Caucasus and in the central and southern belts of the European USSR; V. coloratum grows in the Far East. The true mistletoe has three subspecies. One subspecies parasitizes pear, apple, poplar, and maple leaves, and the other grows on such conifers as pines and firs. The berries are distributed by birds; they yield birdlime, which is used to entrap small birds.

An extract prepared from the young leaves of the true mistletoe is used to treat hypertension in its early stages.


Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.


References in periodicals archive ?
Viscum watched the last of the films with her and suggested she use it.
However, if the wife suffers from fertility problems, she is instructed to take the following prescription: (100g) Viscum album, (150g) Phoenix sylvetris, and (1000g) honey.
Viscum album, Panax ginseng, Tinoapra coedifolia, and Asparagus racemosus, for instance, have all been shown to exert therapeutic properties (Davis and Kuttan, 2000), and Epimedium, Astragalosides, Ginsenoside and Glycyrrizae have displayed an immunological enhancement of chickens (Kong et al.
Especificamente la lectina Viscum Album, ha mostrado un inmunomarcaje inverso a p16, lo cual parece relacionar la expresion de esta proteina genica con las glicoproteinas de superficie de los querati nocitos desde las fases iniciales de la neoplasia intraepitelial cervical (Blasco Olaetxea E.
The latin name Viscum album refers to the berries which are white (album) and these contain a sticky viscous fluid (Viscum).
They also produce bottle-conditioned Fortus, Optimus, Redburn Special, Haltwhistle Pride, Twice Brewed IPA and a winter ale called Viscum (mistletoe).
The parasitic plant Viscum album has its part in a Christmas tradition -what is its common name?
The white mistletoe, Viscum album, is actually a parasitic plant, living on soft-barked deciduous trees and being particularly fond of apple, poplar and plum.
ASOME Tourette patients respond well to the herbal preparation Viscum album.
Prescription-only, daily injections of homeopathic Viscum album (Uriel Pharmacy Inc.
Tumoricidal activity of mouse peripheral macrophages treated with Viscum album extract.