Vissarion Shebalin


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Shebalin, Vissarion Iakovlevich

 

Born May 29 (June 11), 1902, in Omsk; died May 28, 1963, in Moscow. Soviet composer, pedagogue, and public figure. People’s Artist of the RSFSR (1947); doctor of the arts (1941).

In 1928, Shebalin graduated from the Moscow Conservatory, where he had studied composition under N. Ia. Miaskovskii. Shebalin’s music, which is pictorial in nature, communicates an ideological message and affirms a lofty and positive ideal; it develops the traditions of the Russian classics and is characterized by its noble use of melody, which often recalls the lyric and epic songs of Russian folklore.

Shebalin composed the operas The Taming of the Shrew (based on the play by Shakespeare; 1957, Bolshoi Theater) and Sun Over the Steppes (concert performance, Moscow, 1959), the musical comedy Bridegroom From the Embassy (1942), and the cantata Moscow (1946; words by B. V. Lipatov; State Prize of the USSR, 1947). An important composition is the dramatic symphony Lenin (1931; revised version, 1959), scored for narrator, soloists, chorus and orchestra; the work is based on V. V. Mayakovsky’s narrative poem Vladimir Il’ich Lenin.

Shebalin is also known for his five symphonies, violin concerto (1940), and chamber music, including nine string quartets, of which the most famous is the String Quartet No. 5, on Slavic Themes (1942; State Prize of the USSR, 1943). His other works include art songs, choruses, music for motion pictures and plays, and arrangements of Russian folk songs. An important part of Shebalin’s oeuvre are his completed versions of Russian and Ukrainian musical classics, such as the operas Sorochintsy Fair by Mussorgsky and The Zaporozhian Cossack Beyond the Danube by Gulak-Artemovskii and Glinka’s Symphony on Two Russian Themes.

Shebalin became a professor at the Moscow Conservatory in 1935 and served as its director from 1942 to 1948. In addition to the Czech composer V. Kučera, his students included L. M. Auster, E. V. Denisov, K. Kh. Kuzham’iarov, A. A. Nikolaev, A. N. Pakhmutova, V. R. Tormis, T. N. Khrennikov, and K. S. Khachaturian. Shebalin was chairman of the administrative board of the Moscow organization of the Composers’ Union of the USSR in 1941 and 1942 and served as a deputy to the second convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR. Shebalin was awarded the Order of Lenin, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, and various medals.

WORKS

Literaturnoe nasledie: Vospominaniia, perepiska, stat’i, vystupleniia. Moscow, 1975.

REFERENCE

Vissarion Iakovlevich Shebalin: Stat’i, vospominaniia, materialy. Moscow, 1970.

V. M. BLOK

References in periodicals archive ?
(43) While writing the Fifth Symphony in 1937, he played movements for the composer Tikhon Khrennikov, and separately for the composers Aram Khachaturian (Khachaturyan) and Vissarion Shebalin. (44) In August 1939, presenting the Sixth Symphony to a gathering of colleagues in Leningrad, he performed excerpts from two completed movements, and predicted a third movement within a month.
(18) In a recent publication on the committee resolution, Leonid Maksimenkov reminds us that the shock of 1948 "precipitated multiple misfortunes (Vissarion Shebalin's stroke, Gavriil Popov's alcoholism), and hastened deaths (of Sergei Eisenstein and Alexander Dovzhenko, Miaskovsky and Prokofiev)." See Leonid Maximenkov, "The Rise and Fall of the 1948 Central Committee Resolution on Music," Three Oranges: The Journal of the Serge Prokofiev Foundation 16 (2008): 20.
1 in A Major; and Vissarion Shebalin's String Quartet No.
The greatest Soviet composers wrote the music for these films: Dmitrii Shostakovich (The Meeting on the Elbe), Aram Khachaturian (The Russian Question, Secret Mission), Mikhail Chulaki (Silvery Dust), Vissarion Shebalin (The Conspiracy of the Doomed).
25: Borodin Quartet performs music by Ludwig van Beethoven, Vissarion Shebalin and Alexander Borodin.