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If a biologist wishes to think philosophically, he should realize, with the help of Thomas, that the terms in which ontological reduction are usually put require that he choose between vitalism and reductionism, but that these are not the only possible choices.
Greater engagement with philosophy and a respect for methodological naturalism and evolution is essential, not a revival of vitalism or the natural theology/intelligent design of Paley.
Vitalism consists of beliefs that there is a life force that suffuses the human body, which is health and healing promoting when it is sufficient and balanced, and illness inducing if blocked or unbalanced.
For the appeal of vitalism to some evangelicals, see W.
Vitalism, in contrast, appears to undermine the very point of having a constitution in the first place, allowing constitutional interpretation to become a kind of rhapsodic free association only tangentially connected to the constitutional text.
Within the context of this understanding, Canguilhem explores the legacies of vitalism, particularly its affirmation of the need to keep the question of the relation between life and science, particularly life sciences, open, as they are co-original.
It has also been defined positively as a group of practices/practitioners embodying the characteristics of holism, vitalism, and individualized care (Kelner and Wellman 2000; Micozzi 2001).
In fact, Bloom even sounds like Hazlitt in the following character analysis: "One wouldn't want to marry the Wife of Bath, or carouse with Falstaff, but if you crave vitalism and vitality, then you turn to the Wife of Bath, Panurge (in Rabelais), Sancho Panza (in Cervantes), but most of all to Sir John Falstaff, the true and perfect image of life itself' (284).
Thus "intelligent design" is a supernatural concept that has no place being taught as science, but can with profit be discussed, along with biological vitalism, pre-atomic chemical theories, and the theory that the sun goes round the earth, among case studies of discredited ideas.
Tracing the unfolding of the political thought of the founder of Futurism, Berghaus brings out the inherent ambiguity of the Marinettian notion of violence, indebted to Nietzschean and Bergsonian vitalism, but also closely related to the much more practical project of a violent revolution of the proletariat articulated by George Sorel.
11) Michael Roe, Nine Australian Progressives: vitalism in bourgeois social thought, 1890-1960, Brisbane, 1984; David Walker, 'Climate, Civilization and Character in Australia, 1880-1940', Australian Cultural History, vol.
Her project develops from the scholarship of recent decades that has discovered what orthodox readers long could not see or, as in the case of Richard Bentley's expurgating editorial decisions, actively suppressed--Milton's heretical understanding of creation, especially his vitalism and monism.